Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

FEBRUARY 18

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Gambia: Independence Day
(Celebration of independence from United Kingdom as constitutional monarchy: 02/18/1965)
`Gambia `Great Britain `Expedia `U.S. Department of State
1516 Mary I, Queen of England (Daughter of Henry VIII, Known as ''Bloody Mary'') English Political and Social Leaders Queen Mary I Greenwich Guide
1817 Lewis Armistead (North Carolina-born Confederate General) North Carolina Military Figures American Civil War History Channel
1833 James Deshler (Alabama-born Confederate General) Alabama Military Figures American Civil War University of Georgia
1874 Louis T. Wigfall (South Carolina-born Secessionist; U.S. Senator from Texas) South Carolina Political & Social Leaders Texas Political & Social Leaders Racism U.S. Congress Texas State Historical Association
1892 Wendell Willkie (Indiana-born Attorney; Candidate for President of the United States) Wendell Wilkie Indiana Political & Social Leaders
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1546 Martin Luther (German Theologian; Religious Reformer) Martin Luther Religion
1879 Robert Hall Chilton (Virginia-born Confederate General) Virginia Military Figures American Civil War University of Georgia
1920 Sammy Marks (South African Business and Political Leader) South African Political Leaders South African History
1931 William R. Merriam (New York-born 11th Governor of Minnesota) New York Political Leaders Minnesota Political Leaders Minnesota Historical Society
1937 Lamartine Hardman (Governor of Georgia) Georgia Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
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1461 In England, Lancastrian Forces Defeat the Yorkists at the Battle of St. Albans England Historic UK
1837 The Delaware General Assembly Commissions the First State-Wide Geologic Survey Delaware U.S. Maps Historic Firsts State of Delaware
1861 President-elect Lincoln's Train Makes Stops in Batavia, Rochester, Clyde, Syracuse, Utica, Little Falls, Fonda, Amsterdam, and Schenectady Before Arriving in Albany, New York New York Abraham Lincoln Railroad Lincoln Log
1862 Georgia's Delegation to the First Confederate Congress Is Sworn into Office Georgia Government American Civil War University of Georgia
1864 President Lincoln Lifts the Blockade of the Port at Brownsville, Texas Brownsville, Texas President Abraham Lincoln Shipping American Civil War Lincoln Log
Baltimore Constitutional Convention Adopts Resolutions Endorsing President Lincoln for Reelection Baltimore, Maryland President Abraham Lincoln American Presidency 1864 Presidential Election Lincoln Log
1865 The Mayor of Charleston, South Carolina, Surrenders Control of the City to Union Brigadier General Alexander Schimmelfennig Charleston, South Carolina Surrender of Charleston Library of Congress
1884 Peter French Is Appointed U.S. Collector of Customs for Alaska with Headquarters at Sitka Sitka, Alaska U.S. Customs Alaska Historical Society
1913 Raymond Poincare Takes Office as President of France French Political and Social Leaders History Channel
1939 The World's Fair Opens In San Francisco San Francisco LearnCalifornia
1943 Leaders of the German Youth Group White Rose Are Arrested for Opposing the Nazi Regime Nazi Germany Crime World War II History Channel
1948 Eamon de Valera Steps Down as Ireland's Prime Minister After His Party Fails to Win a Majority in the Irish Assembly Irish Political and Social Leaders Elections History Channel
1951 Nepal's Absolute Monarchy Is Replaced by a Constitutional Monarchy `Nepal `Nepali Congress
1954 The U.S. Secretary of the Army Orders Two Generals to Ignore Subpoenas Issued by Senator Joseph McCarthy Senator Joseph McCarthy U.S. Congress U.S. Army McCarthyism BBC
1964 U.S. Cuts Off Military Aid to Great Britain & France for Trade with Cuba Cuba Great Britain France International Trade The Cold War History Channel
1965 Gambia Becomes Africa's 36th Independent State Africa Gambia South African History
1978 Police in Northern Ireland Arrest 20+ Suspects for an IRA Bombing That Killed 12 People and Injured 30 in a Restaurant Northern Ireland Terrorism Death BBC
1980 Pierre Trudeau's Liberals Capture a Majority of Seats in the Canadian Parliament, Unseating Joe Clark's Progressive Conservatives Pierre Trudeau Elections CBC
1988 Anthony Kennedy Is Sworn in as an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court California Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court New York Times
1996 An Irish Republican Army Bomb Destroys a London Bus, Killing the Bomber and Others London, England Transportation Terrorism Death BBC
2001 Veteran FBI Agent Robert Philip Hanssen Is Arrested and Accused of Spying for Russia for More Than 15 Years Russia Notorious People of  Chicago Crime Notorious Americans FBI New York Times

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