Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

FEBRUARY 23

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Belarus: Day of the Defenders of the Fatherland and of Armed Forces of Belarus
(Originally celebrated the Soviet Red Army, now commemorates all military persons and men in general.)
Belarus My Belarus
Guyana: Republic Day (Mashramani)
(Commemorates formation of the Guyana Republic: 02/23/1970)
`Guyana `U.S. Department of State
Tajikistan: National Army Day
Tajikistan `Bank Holidays
1818 Jeremy Francis Gilmer (North Carolina-born Confederate General) North Carolina Military Leaders American Civil War University of Georgia
1838 Gilbert Moxley Sorrel (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Leaders American Civil War University of Georgia
1868 W.E.B. DuBois (Massachusetts-born African-American Author, Educator, Civil Rights/Human Rights Activist) W.E.B. DuBois African-American Political and Social Leaders American Authors Educators of Note
1925 Louis Stokes (Ohio-born African-American Member of the U.S. Congress) Louis Stokes U.S. Congress African-American Political and Social Leaders
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1848 John Quincy Adams (Massachusetts-born 6th President of the United States) John Quincy Adams The Presidential Seal
1990 José Napoleón Duarte (Former President of El Salvador) El Salvador President Ronald Reagan President George Bush Cold War
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303 Roman Emperor, Diocletian, Bans Christianity, Destroying Churches and Sacred Writings Roman Empire Religion Concordia
1778 Prussian Military Officer, Friedrich von Steuben, Arrives at Washington's Valley Forge Encampment Friedrich von Steuben George Washington Valley Forge History Channel
1797 1400 Invading French Troops Land on the Coast of Wales Wales France Historic U.K.
1820 Cato Street Conspiracy to Assassinate British Cabinet Ministers Is Foiled Great Britain Crime Spartacus
1847 Zachary Taylor Defeats Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista Santa Anna Zachary Taylor Mexican-American War Library of Congress
1849 Delaware's John M. Clayton Resigns as U.S. Senator to Become President Zachary Taylor's Secretary of State Delaware Political and Social Leaders President Zachary Taylor U.S. Congress Delaware
1861 Lincoln Secretly Arrives in Washington at 6 a.m., Avoiding Baltimore Assassination Plot Washington, D.C. Maryland Abraham Lincoln The Presidential Seal History Channel
President-elect Lincoln Meets with President Buchanan, Cabinet and Other D.C. Dignitaries President James Buchanan President Abraham Lincoln The Presidential Seal Lincoln Papers
Texas Is the 7th State to Secede from the Union Texas American Civil War University of Georgia Texas State Historical Association
1863 U.S.S. Gem of the Sea Captures Confederate Steamer Charm on Florida's St. Sebastian River Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1864 Heavy Losses Force the Consolidation of Florida's 4th Infantry Regiment with the 1st Florida Cavalry Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1865 Lincoln Remains Undecided About West Virginia's John Yates Beall Who Will Be Executed the Next Day Notorious West Virginians President Abraham Lincoln The Presidential Seal American Civil War Capital Punishment Lincoln Papers
1870 Mississippi Is the 9th Confederate State to be Readmitted to the Union Mississippi American Civil War Mississippi Writers
1898 Emile Zola Imprisoned for "J'accuse" Letter Accusing Government Anti-Semitism Emile Zola Human Rights Judaism
1903 Justice George Shiras, Jr. Retires form the U.S. Supreme Court Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1917 Germans Begin Withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line Germany World War I History Channel
1942 U.S., Britain, Australia and New Zealand Sign Master Mutual Aid Agreement Australia Great Britain New Zealand World War II Indiana University
A Japanese Submarine Fires on the Goleta, California Bankline Oil Refinery Japan Goleta, California World War II Submarines San Francisco Museum
1944 Josef Stalin Forces 1 Million Chechens into Exile and Dissolves Their Republic Josef Stalin Human Rights BBC
1945 U.S. Marines Raise American Flag Atop Iwo Jima's Highest Point, Mt. Suribachi Iwo Jima War Memorial World War II National Park Service History Channel BBC
1955 The First Meeting of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization Is Held World History Cold War Vietnam War History Channel
1959 British Prime Minister Macmillan Meets Khrushchev in Moscow Harold Macmillan Nikita Khrushchev BBC
1966 Syrian Military Seizes Power in Bloody Coups d'etat Syria St. Louis Public Library
1970 Guyana Is Proclaimed a Republic within the British Commonwealth of Nations Guyana British Commonwealth of Nations Visit GT
1972 Palestinian Air Hijackers Release Crew and Surrender in Yemen after Two Days Yemen Aviation History War on Terrorism BBC
1981 Military Group Holds Spain's Parliament Hostage in Failed Coup Attempt Spain BBC History Channel
1986 Thousands of Philippine Demonstrators Protest Dictator Ferdinand Marcos The Philippines University of California, Berkeley
1991 President Bush Announces the Start of the Allied Ground Offensive Against Iraq Iraq President George Bush The Gulf War New York Times
Thailand's General Sundara Kongsompong Leads Bloodless Coup d'etat and Seizes Power Thailand Television News Archive
1994 Bosnia's Government and Bosnian Croat Forces Agree to U.N.-led Cease-fire United Nations Bosnia European History Television News Archive
Russian Duma Pardons Those Involved in 1991 Coup Attempt Russia Humanitas Internationale Television News Archive
1996 Relatives Murder the Husbands of Saddam Hussein's Two Daughters Saddam Hussein Death CNN
1999 White Supremacist Convicted of Brutal Murder of Jasper, Texas African American Jasper, Texas Racism Law & Legal Resources CNN
2004 U.S. Marines Arrive in Haiti Haiti CNN African American Registry

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