Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

FEBRUARY 24

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Estonia: Independence Day
(Celebration of 02/24/1918 declaration of independence & 02/24/1989 independence from USSR)
`Estonia `U.S. Department of State Estonia Embassy, Washington, D.C.
México: Flag Day
(Celebration of the Plan of Iguala declaring Mexico's independence from Spain: 02/24/1821)
`México `Spain `Hispanic Heritage University of Birmingham
1500 Charles V (Belgian-born Holy Roman Emperor) Belgian Political and Social Leaders Religion Catholicism Concordia
1772 William Crawford (Virginia-born Statesman, U.S. Ambassador; U.S. Senator from Georgia) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Government U.S. Congress University of Georgia
1811 David A. Payne (South Carolina-born African-American Historian, Educator, Religious Leader) David A. Payne Religion Educators of Note Famous African-Americans
1824 John Crawford Vaughn (Tennessee-born Confederate General) Tennessee Military Leaders Mexican-American War American Civil War University of Georgia
1879 Charles August Sulzer (New Jersey-born Member of Alaska's Territorial Senate; Alaska Delegate in the U.S. Congress) New Jersey Political and Social Leaders Alaska Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1885 Chester W. Nimitz (Texas-born U.S. Naval Admiral) Chester w. Nimitz Naval History World War II
1925 Charles E. Day (Iowa-born Recipient of the Congressional Medal of Honor) Iowa Military Figures American Military Figures Vietnam War
1931 Lillie Brown (Alabama-born African-American Civil Rights Activist) Lillie Brown U.S. Civil Rights Movement Famous African-Americans
1932 Zell Miller (Georgia Governor) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Politics University of Georgia
1942 Joseph I. Lieberman (Connecticut-born U.S. Senator) Connecticut Political and  Social Leaders U.S. Senate Biography
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1972 Otto Hauser (German-American Socialist Leader) German Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
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1582 Pope Gregory XIII's Papal Bull Replaces Julian Calendar with Gregorian Calendar Pope Gregory XIII Gregorian Calendar World History Swinburne University of Technology
1821 The Plan of Iguala Declares México's Independence from Spain `México `Spain `Hispanic Heritage Texas A&M University
1836 Santa Anna's Siege of the Alamo Begins Santa Anna Texas The Alamo History Channel Texas State Historical Associaiton
1838 Abraham Lincoln Announces His Candidacy for the Illinois State Legislature Illinois Political and Social Leaders Abraham Lincoln `Politics Lincoln Papers
1840 Former President John Quincy Adams Begins Arguments in the Amistad Case `U.S. Supreme Court `John Quincy Adams `The Amistad Case `African-American Heritage `History Channel
1848 Lincoln Is Appointed to House of Representatives Funeral Committee for John Quincy Adams U.S. House of Representatives John Quincy Adams Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Papers
1862 President Lincoln Buries His Son Willie Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Papers
1863 Arizona Is Organized As a Territory Separate from New Mexico Arizona New Mexico Library of Congress New Mexico Magazine
U.S.S. Tahoma Captures the Confederate Schooner Stonewall Near Key West, Florida Key West, Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
Michigan Gives Its Full Endorsement of the Emancipation Proclamation Michigan Abraham Lincoln Emancipation Proclamation State of Michigan
West Virginia Delegation Asks President Lincoln for Great Protection from Confederate Guerrilla Warfare West Virginia President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
1864 Two-day Battle of Dalton, Georgia Begins Georgia Battle of Dalton, GA History Channel
Crew Sets Fire to the Confederate Steamer Nan-Nan Rather Than Allow Its Cargo of Cotton be Captured Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1865 West Virginia's John Yates Beall Is Executed as a Confederate Soy, at Governor's Island, New York Notorious West Virginians New York American Civil War Capital Punishment West Virginia Archive
1868 U.S. House of Representatives Votes to Impeach President Andrew Johnson U.S. House of Representatives The Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson History Channel New York Times
1869 Congress Passes the Morrill Tariff Act U.S. Congress International Business and Trade U.S. History History Channel
1903 The United States Signs Agreement Acquiring a Naval Station at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba `Cuba `Iraq War New York Times
1905 Last Wall Opened in the Simplon Tunnel Connecting Italy and Switzerland Italy Switzerland Mountains European History British Natural History Museum
1917 British Troops Recapture Kut in Mesopotamia Iraq Great Britain World War I History Channel
British Share with U.S. the Intercepted "Zimmermann Note" Sent from Germany to Mexico Germany Mexico Great Britain World War I Texas Arizona New Mexico History Channel
1918 Salvation Committee Declares the Independence of the Republic of Estonia `Estonia Estonia Ministry of Foreign Affiars
1919 Revenue Act Codifies Existing U.S. Tax Laws `U.S. Congress Laws and Legal Resources Taxes U.S. Treasury
1920 The Nazi Party Holds Its First Meeting of Importance in Munich, Germany `Munich, Germany Nazi Germany Historic Firsts New York Times
1930 Charles Evans Hughes Is Sworn in as Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court New York Political and Social Leaders President Herbert Hoover U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1944 U.S. Forces Begin Long-range Penetration Mission in Japanese-occupied Burma Burma World War II History Channel
1945 U.S. Soldiers Liberate the Philippine Capital of Manila from Japanese Control Manila, Philippines World War II New York Times
1946 Juan Peron Is Elected President of Argentina Juan Peron Elections History Channel
1950 Labour's Clement Attlee Returns as Britain's Prime Minister, but with Narrow Majority Clement Attlee Elections BBC
1966 General Joseph Ankrah Leads Military Coup That Topples Ghana's President Kwame Nkrumah Ghana South African History
1968 South Vietnamese Recapture Hue, Ending Tet Offensive Vietnam War History Channel BBC
1977 President Carter Cuts Foreign Aid to Uruguay Due to Human Rights Violations There Uruguay President Jimmy Carter Human Rights International Trade and Business Vanderbilt
1978 Electric Light Company Workers Discover the Great Temple of the Aztec Capital of Tenochtitlan México Aztecs Minnesota State University
1981 Buckingham Palace Announces the Engagement of Prince Charles to Lady Diana Spencer Great Britain Prince Charles BBC
1982 France Conducts Underground Nuclear Test on Muruora Atoll France Nuclear Weapons The Cold War Geoscience Austtralia
1983 U.S. Congressional Commission Condemns World War II Internment of Japanese Americans U.S. Congress World War II Japanese American Internment New York Times
1988 Anti-Apartheid Groups Are Effectively Banned by the Government of South Africa Apartheid Human Rights Watch
1989 Estonia Declares Its Independence from the Soviet Union `Estonia `The Soviet Union Estonia Ministry of  Foreign Affiars
1991 Allied Forces Launch Ground Assault Against Iraqi Forces Occupying Kuwait Iraq Kuwait The Gulf War History Channel
1999 Report Labels London Police as Institutionally Racist London, England racism Law Enforcement BBC

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