Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

MARCH 16

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Freedom of Information Day
(Observed annually on or about March 16, birth date of James Madison, the Father of the U.S. Constitution)
President James Madison First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Library of Congress
1751 James Madison (Virginia-born Fourth President of the United States) Virginia Political and Social Leaders James Madison The American Presidency
1863 John Parker (Mississippi-born Governor of Louisiana) Mississippi Political and Social Leaders Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Politics Louisiana Secretary of State
1878 Reza Khan Pahlavi (Shah of Iran) Iranian Political and Social Leaders
1892 James Petrillo (Chicago-born Musician, President of the American Federation of Musicians) Chicago Political & Social Leaders Musicians Labor American Federation of Musicians
1912 Pat Nixon (Nevada-born First Lady, Wife of President Richard Nixon) Pat Nixon Richard Nixon The American Presidency
Clyde Elmer Anderson (28th Governor of Minnesota: 1951 - 1955) Minnesota Political and Social Leaders
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
37 Tiberius Claudius Nero (Roman Emperor) Roman Empire
1883 John Azor Kellogg (Wisconsin-born Union General) Wisconsin Military Figures American Civil War
1930 Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja, Marques de Estella (Spanish General, Dictator) Spanish Political & Social Leaders
1937 Joseph Austen Chamberlain (English Statesman: 1925 Nobel Laureate for Peace) English Political & Social Leaders 1925 Nobel Laureate for Peace
1939 Frank Fitzgerald (Governor of Michigan: Died in Office) Michigan Political & Social Leaders Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
2000 Thomas Wilson Ferebee (North Carolina-born Pilot of the Enola Gay That Dropped the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima) North Carolina Military Figures World War II Aviation History Atomic Bomb
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1749 James Oglethorpe Withdraws from the Georgia Colony After Trustees in London Decide to Allow Slavery Great Britain Georgia Georgia Colony Slavery University of Georgia
1758 2,000 Comanche Indians Raze the North Texas Mission, Santa Cruz de San Sabá, Killing Those Present Texas Comanche Indians Catholicism Death Texas State Historical Association
1792 Royal Decree Ends Denmark's Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Beginning 1802 Denmark Slavery UNESCO
Gustavus III of Sweden Is Shot at a Masked Ball - Will Die March 29 Sweden Crime Metropolitan Opera
1802 President Jefferson Signs Act Establishing U.S. Military Academy, West Point, NY New York Thomas Jefferson United States Military Academy Library of Congress History Channel
1851 Spain Makes Catholicism State Religion in Control of Education, Press Spain Catholicism FindLaw
1861 Lincoln Sends Message to Senate About Boundary Dispute Between Vancouver Island and U.S. Great Britain U.S. Senate Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Papers
Delegates to Georgia's Secession Convention Unanimously Ratify the Confederate Constitution Georgia Government American Civil War Constitution of the Confederate States University of Georgia
Texas Governor Sam Houston Is Removed from Office for Refusing to Take the Confederate Oath of Allegiance Texas Political and Social Leaders Sam Houston American Civil War Virginia Historical Society
1862 Union Ships Begin 5-day Bombardment of Forts Jackson and Philip Near Mouth of Mississippi River Louisiana Naval History Forts American Civil War Louisiana Secretary of State
U.S.S. Oswasco Captures Two Confederate Schooners Carrying Cotton Off the West Coast of Florida Florida Naval History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1863 U.S.S. Octorara Captures Two Blockade Runners Off the East Coast of Florida Florida Naval History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1864 Confederate Troops Capture Two Union Soldiers Near Palatka, Florida Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1865 Sherman's Union Forces Sweep through Confederate Resistance at Averasborough, North Carolina Averasborough, North Carolina William Tecumseh Sherman Battle at Averasborough, North Carolina History Channel
U.S.S. Pursuit Captures British Schooner Mary Attempting to Run Florida's Blockade Florida Naval History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1915 The U.S. Federal Trade Commission Begins Operation U.S. Agencies President Woodrow Wilson International Trade Federal Trade Commission History Channel
1916 German Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz Resigns German Military Figures World War I Naval History History Channel
General John "Black Jack" Pershing Leads American Troops from New Mexico into Mexico in Search of Pancho Villa Pancho Villa John Pershing New Mexico New Mexico Magazine
1917 Grand Duke Mikhail Refuses to Replace His Brother Tsar Nicholas II, an Interim Government Created Nicholas II Durham University
1921 Soviet-Turkish Treaty Restores Kars and Ardahan to Turkey's Eastern Frontier Soviet Union Turkey Istanbul Sokullu Pasa Hotel
1935 Hitler Renounces Treaty of Versailles Disarmament, Reintroduces Conscription Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler The Treaty of Versailles New York Times
1945 Iwo Jima Is Declared Secured by Allied Troops Battle of Iwo Jima History Channel
1953 Yugoslavia's Marshal Tito Arrives as First Communist Head of State to Visit Great Britain Great Britain Marshal Josef Tito Historic Firsts BBC
1956 The Riotous Assemblies Act Limits South African Civil Liberties South African Government Law Civil Rights South African History
1976 Harold Wilson Resigns as Prime Minister of England English Political and Social Leaders BBC
Jimmy Carter Wins the Illinois Democratic Primary Election Illinois President jimmy Carter Presidential Elections The Democratic Party University of Georgia
1978 Italian Premier Aldo Moro Is Kidnapped by the Red Brigades Italy Terrorism BBC
The Amoco Cadiz Supertanker Wrecks Off the French Coast Spilling 68M Gallons of Oil France Naval History Earth and Environmental Sciences Ocean Pollution History Channel
1982 President Reagan Rejects Missile Freeze Offer from Soviet President Brezhnev Soviet Union President Ronald Reagan Nuclear Weapons TV News Archive
1984 CIA Station Chief, William Buckley, Kidnapped in Beirut and Will Die in Captivity Lebanon The CIA Terrorism New York Times
Mozambique and South Africa Sign Nkomati Accord in Failed Ceasefire Effort Mozambique South Africa BBC
1988 Iraqi Forces Use Chemical Weapons Kurdish Civilians in Village of Halabja: Thousands Die Iraq War Crimes BBC
Panama's General Manuel Antonio Noriega Survives U.S.-backed Coup Attempt Panama President Ronald Reagan TV News Archive
President Reagan Orders Troops into Honduras to Pressure Nicaragua's Sandinista Government Honduras Nicaraguan Government President Ronald Reagan History Channel
Four Reagan Staffers & Aides Indicted for Iran-Contra Affair President Ronald Reagan Iran-Contra Affair Law & Legal Resources New York Times
Attempted Assassination of IRA Leaders at a Funeral Fails, but 3 Others Killed Ireland Terrorism Death TV News Archive
1995 Astronaut Norman Thagard First American to Visit Russian Space Station Mir Russian Space Program Space Exploration Historic Firsts New York Times
1998 Vatican Expresses Remorse of Christian Cowardice During the Holocaust Catholicism Judaism The Holocaust Catholic League
2000 Independent Counsel Clears Hillary Clinton on Seeking FBI Files of Republicans My Lai Massacre Politics Law & Legal Resources CNN
2002 Colombian Gunmen Kill Archbishop Isaias Duarte Cancino Leaving Church in Cali Colombia Catholicism Terrorism US Department of State
2003 Israeli Military Bulldozer Driver Kills 23-year-old Peace Activist from Olympia, Washington Israel Olympia, Washington Human Rights History Link

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