Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

MARCH 20

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Tunisia: Independence Day
(Commemoration of independence from France: 03/20/1956)
Tunisia France Expedia U.S. Department of State
1777 Edmund Pendleton Gaines (Virginia-born U.S. General, Namesake of Gainesville, Georgia) Virginia Military Figures Gainesville, Georgia U.S. Military Figures University of Georgia
1834 Charles William Eliot (Massachusetts-born President of Harvard University) Boston Political Leaders Educators of Note Harvard University
1870 Oramel Simpson (Governor of Louisiana) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Politics Louisiana Secretary of State
1907 Ellis Gibbs Arnall (Governor of Georgia) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Politics University of Georgia
1911 Alfonso Garcia Robles (Mexican Diplomat: 1982 Laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize) Mexican Political Leaders 1982 Laureate of the Nobel Prize for Peace
1939 Brian Mulroney (Prime Minister of Canada) Canadian Political Leaders
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1413 Henry IV, King of England English Political and Social Leaders King Henry IV
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1413 Henry V Is Crowned King of England English History British Monarchy History Channel
1565 King of Spain Names Pedro Menendez de Aviles Governor and Captain-General of Florida Spain Florida Political and Social Leaders Hispanic Political and Social Leaders Florida Historical Society
1653 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Dissolves the Long Parliament Oliver Cromwell English Government Historic UK
1721 Spanish Governor, Marqués de Aguayo, and a Force of 500 Cross the Rio Grande to Reestablish Spanish Control of East Texas Spain Mexico Texas Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Society
1778 King Louis XVI Receives U.S. Representatives French Political and Social Leaders American Revolution History Channel
1815 Napoleon Returns to Paris from Elba, Begins 100-day Rule Napoleon Bonaparte New York Times
1816 In Martin v. Hunter's Lessee U.S. Supreme Court Asserts in Superiority over State Courts U.S. Supreme Court U.S. Constitution Constitution Law Oyez
1839 Seminoles Fatally Wound One U.S. Officer in Florida Skirmish Florida Seminole Indians War Death Florida Historical Society
1843 Abraham Lincoln Loses Bid to Be Whig Candidate for Congress from Illinois' 7th District U.S. Congress Sangamon County, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Politics Lincoln Papers
1864 U.S.S. Tioga Captures the Confederate Sloop Swallow Off Florida's East Coast Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1865 President Lincoln Makes Plans to Visit General Grant in City Point, Virginia City Point, Virginia Abraham Lincoln Ulysses S. Grant American Civil War Lincoln Papers
1890 Emperor Wilhelm II Fires Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck Germany German Historical Institute
1896 U.S. Marines Land in Nicaragua Nicaragua New York Times
1915 British and Russians Sign Secret Agreement About the Division of the Ottoman Empire Great Britain Russia Turkey World War I History Channel
1920 Two Pilots Complete the First Flight from Britain to South Africa in 4 Days, 13 Hrs, 30 Min England South Africa Aviation Historic Firsts Centennial of Flight
1933 President Franklin Roosevelt Signs Economy Act Slashing Federal Salaries FDR Great Depression History Channel U.S. Treasury
Heinrich Himmler Announces the Opening of the Dachau Concentration Camp 10 Miles NW of Munich Nazi Germany Dachau Judaism Dachau Concentration Camp Jewish Virtual Library
1939 7,000 Jews Flee German-occupied Lithuania Lithuania Germany The Holocaust Judaism World War II
1940 Edouard Daladier Resigns as the French Premier French Government League of Nations Photo Archive
1942 City of Seattle Dismisses All Employees of Japanese Descent Seattle, Washington World War II Japanese-American Heritage History Link
1945 British Troops Liberate Mandalay, Burma Burma Great Britain World War II History Channel
1952 The U.S. Senate Ratifies a Peace Treaty Disarming Japan Japan U.S. Senate World War II Yale University
1953 Nikita Khrushchev 1 of 5 Men Named to the New Secretariat of the Communist Party Nikita Khrushchev Cold War History Channel
1956 Tunisia Gains Independence from France Tunisia France African History CIA World Factbook
1964 Two Cubans Land a Commandeered Cuban Military Helicopter in Key West, Seeking Political Asylum Cuba Key West, Florida Immigration Helicopters Florida Historical Society
1965 President Johnson Commits Federal Troops to Protect Alabama Civil-Rights Marchers March from Selma to Montgomery President Lyndon Johnson Civil Rights African-American Heritage History Channel
1969 Federal Grand Jury Indicts the "Chicago Eight" for Democratic Convention Riots Chicago 7 Vietnam War Politics Law and Legal Resourcesr University of Missouri-Kansas City Law School
1974 Attempted Kidnapping of England's Princess Anne Fails Great Britain Princess Anne Crime BBC
1982 French Conduct 20kT Underground Nuclear Test on Mururoa/Fangataufa Atolls France Nuclear Weapons The Cold War Geoscience Australia
1986 President Francois Mitterrand Names Paris Mayor, Jacques Chirac, Prime Minister of France French Political and Social Leaders TV News Archive
1990 Namibia Becomes an Independent Nation, Ending 75 Years of South African Rule Namibia South Africa New York Times
1994 El Salvador Holds First Election Following 12-year Civil War El Salvador Government Elections TV News Archive
1995 Japanese Cult Releases Sarin Nerve Gas in Tokyo Subway Japan Terrorism History Channel New York Times Technology and Society
1999 The Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA) Disbands Africa South African History
2002 Lima, Peru Car Bomb Kills 9 in Advance of Visit by President Bush Peru George W. Bush Terrorism Death CNN
2003 U.S. Begins Invasion of Iraq Iraq George W. Bush Iraq War BBC
2011 Egyptians Approve Constitutional Reforms by a 3-to-1 Margin Egypt Voting National Public Radio

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