Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

MARCH 21

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United Nations: International Day for Elimination of Racial Discrimination
(Observed on this date in remembrance of South Africa's Sharpeville Massacre of students protesting apartheid: 03/21/1960)
The United Nations UNESCO The Sharpeville Massacre Apartheid Death
Mexico: Benito Juarez's Birthday
(Commemoration of birth date of former Mexican reform leader and president: 03/21/1806)
Mexico U.S. Department of State Mexico Connect
Namibia: Independence Day
(Celebration of independence from South Africa 03/21/1990)
Namibia South Africa U.S. Department of State
South Africa: Human Rights Day
(Observed on this date in remembrance of the massacre of students protesting apartheid: 03/21/1960)
South Africa Human Rights South African Government
1713 Francis Lewis (Welsh-American Signer of Declaration of Independence) Wales New York Political and Social Leaders Declaration of Independence
1794 Emily Thomas Tubman (Virginia-born Philanthropist Who Sent 42 Slaves to Liberia Against Georgia Law) Liberia Virginia Political and Social Leaders Georgia Political and Social Leaders Slavery University of Georgia
1806 Benito Pablo Juarez (Mexican President, Reform Leader) Mexican Political and Social Leaders
1856 Henry O. Flipper (Georgia-born First African-American Graduate of West Point Academy) Henry O. Flipper African American History
1918 Patrick Lucey (Governor of Wisconsin) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1201 Absalon of Lund (Danish Churchman, Statesman and Soldier) Danish Political and Social Leaders) Catholic Encyclopedia Concordia
1556 Thomas Cranmer (English Archbishop of Canterbury, Burned at the Stake on Orders of Mary, Queen of Scots) English Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Mary Queen of Scots Britannia Concordia
1863 Edwin Vose Sumner (Massachusetts-born Union General) Massachusetts Military Figures American Civil War History Channel
1953 David Scholtz (26th Governor of Florida: 1933-1937) Florida Political and Social Leaders Politics Florida Historical Society
1955 Walter White (Georgia-born African-American Civil Rights Leader, Statesman, Author) Georgia Political and Social Leaders United Nations President Roosevelt President Truman American Authors U.S. Civil Rights Movement African-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1966 Edith Wilmans (Louisiana-born, First Woman Elected to the Texas legislature) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Texas Political and Social Leaders Politics Texas State Historical Society
2002 Herman Talmadge (Georgia Governor, Senator) Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senator Politics University of Georgia
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1556 Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, Is Burned at the Stake on Orders of Mary, Queen of Scots English Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Mary Queen of Scots Death Concordia
1778 Loyalist Militia Massacre Patriots and Loyalists Alike Near Salem, New Jersey Salem, New Jersey American Revolution Death Salem, New Jersey History Channel
1801 France Reaffirms Spain's Secret Cession of the Louisiana Territory with the Convention of Aranjuez Spain France The Louisiana Territory Napoleon.org Louisiana Secretary of State
1804 Napoleon's Civil Code Is Published France Napoleon Law The Napoleon Series History Channel
1861 Alexander Stephans, Vice-President of the Confederacy, Gives His "Cornerstone Speech" American Civil War Historic American Documents University of Georgia
1865 Confederate Forces Repel Union attack at Bentonville, NC North Carolina Battle of Bentonville
1871 Henry Stanley Begins Expedition into Africa's Interior in Search of Dr. Livingstone Africa Journalism Eyewitness to History History Channel New York Times
1918 German Attack Launches the Second Battle of the Somme Second Battle of Somme WWI Writer's Almanac History Channel
1929 Present Coolidge Presents Congressional Medal of Honor to Charles Lindbergh Charles Lindbergh Calvin Coolidge Aviation History Centennial of Flight
1935 Persia Is Officially Renamed Iran Iran Indiana University
1943 General von Gersdorff Fails in Attempt to Kill Hitler in Berlin Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II Jewish Virtual Library The History Channel
1945 Allied Bombers Begin Four Days of Raids over Germany Germany World War II Aviation History New York Times
1946 United Nations Sets Up Temporary Headquarters at Hunter College in New York City United Nations New York City Hunter College New York Times
1947 Truman Signs Executive Order Requiring Federal Employees Loyalty Check Harry Truman McCarthyism National Archives & Records Administration
1953 Antonín Zápotocky Is Chosen President of Czechoslovakia Czech Republic Slovakia Radio Prague
1958 USSR Conducts 650 kT Atmospheric Nuclear Test Soviet Union Nuclear Weapons Cold War Geoscience Australia
1960 Police Kill 69 Protesters in Sharpeville, South Africa The Sharpeville Massacre Apartheid Death
1967 Vietnamese Reject Johnson's Proposal for Peace Talks Vietnam War Lyndon Johnson The History Channel
1969 U.S. Conducts 100 kT Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons Cold War Geoscience Australia
1980 President Carter Tells Athletes U.S. Will Boycott the Moscow Olympics Soviet Union Jimmy Carter The Cold War Olympic Games The History Channel
1985 South African Police Kill 21 Blacks Marching to Mark 25th Anniversary of Sharpeville Shootings The Sharpeville Massacre Apartheid Death New York Times
1991 Namibia Gains Independence from South Africa Namibia South Africa University of Wisconsin South African History African American Registry

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