Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

MARCH 25

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Greece: Independence Day
(Commemoration of independence from Turkey: 03/25/1821)
Greece Turkey Presidential Proclamation
San Marino: Arengo
(Commemoration of the return to the Arengo form of democratic government: 03/25/1906)
San Marino SanMarinoSite.com
Maryland: Maryland Day
(Commemorates the arrival of the first colonists to what is now Maryland: 03/25/1634)
Maryland Maryland State Archives
1347 Saint Catherine of Siena (Italian Dominican Mystic; Patron Saint of Italy) Italian Political and Social Leaders Religion Catholic Saints
1826 Matilda Joslyn Gage (New York-born Women's Rights Activist, Suffragist) New York Political and Social Leaders Women Women's Rights Women's Suffrage Biography.com
1827 Stephen Luce (New York-born Founder and First President of the U.S. Naval War College in Rhode Island) New York Political and Social Leaders Rhode Island Education Educators of Note Naval Military History U.S. Naval War College
1854 John Lind (Swedish-born Governor of Minnesota, U.S. Congressman, Envoy to Mexico for President Woodrow Wilson) Swedish Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress President Woodrow Wilson Minnesota Historical Society
1934 Gloria Steinem (Ohio-born Women's Rights Activist) Gloria Steinem Journalism Women Women's Rights
1939 Pius Langa (Chief Justice of the Republic of South Africa) South African Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources South African History
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1701 William Kidd (English Captain: Execution) Notorious English Naval History Capital Punishment Greenwich Guide
1736 Francois-Marie Bissot de Vincennes (French Canadian Founder of Vincennes, Indiana: Burned at the Stake by Chickasaw Indians) Canadian Explorers Chickasaw Indianas Vincennes, Indiana Vincennes Community Schools
1975 King Faisal of Saudi Arabia (Shot to Death by His Nephew, Prince Faisal) Saudi Arabia Political and Social Leaders Gun Control Middle East History The History Channel BBC
1992 Harry Brawley (Charleston, West Virginia Historian, First Executive Director of the West Virginia Educational Broadcasting Authority) Charleston, West Virginia U.S. History Educators of Note Media West Virginia State Archive
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1306 Robert the Bruce Is Crowned King of Scotland at Scone Palace Near Perth Scotland Heart of Scotland Historic UK BBC
1409 Council of Pisa Is Convened to Resolve the Great Catholic Schism of the West Italy Catholicism Catholic Encyclopedia
1634 British Colonists Arrive at St. Clement's Island on Maryland's Western Shore and Found the Settlement of St. Mary's Maryland Colony of  Maryland Kiplin Hall Library of Congress The History Channel
1647 The Dutch Ship Nieuwe Haerlem Is Wrecked During a Storm in South Africa's Table Bay The Netherlands South Africa Naval History South African History
1701 English Captain William Kidd Is Executed Notorious English Naval History Capital Punishment Death Greenwich Guide
1774 British Parliament Votes to Close the Port of Boston, Demanding Payment for Tea Lost During the "Boston Tea Party" Great Britain Boston, Massachusetts Boston Tea Party The History Channel
1807 The British Abolition of the Slave Trade Bill Becomes Law British History Slavery Law Spartacus South African History
1821 Greece Wins Independence from Turkey Greece Turkey U.S. House of Representatives
1843 In Salado, Tamaulipas, Mexico, 17 of 176 Texas Prisoners Are Selected by Lottery and Executed on Orders From Mexican Dictator Santa Anna Santa Anna Texas Prisoners of War Death Texas State Historical Association
1863 The U.S.S. Fort Henry Captures the Blockade Runner Ranger Off the Coast of Florida's Cedar Key Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1865 In Virginia, Robert E. Lee Fails to Prevent the Fall of Petersburg with His Attempt to Attack Fort Stedman Virginia Robert E. Lee Attack on Fort Stedman National Park Service The History Channel
1879 Cheyenne Chief Little Wolf Surrenders to U.S. Army Unit Native-Americans The Cheyenne The History Channel
1905 Britain & U.S. Establish the Canadian-Alaska Border Canada Alaska Canadian Embassy, Washington, D.C.
1917 The Oregon National Guard Begins Mobilizing in Response to a Call Issued by President Wilson Oregon President Woodrow Wilson World War I SalemOregon.com
1918 The Former Russian Province of Belarus Declares Itself an Independent, Democratic Republic Belarus Russia History Channel
50 Mexicans Raid and Ransack the Neville Ranch in Presidio County, Texas; Killing Neville's Son and Housekeeper Mexico Presidio County, Texas Crime Death Latin-American Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1933 President Herbert Hoover Accepts the Newly Commissioned USS Sequoia as the Official Presidential Yacht President Herbert Hoover American Presidency Boats History Channel
1935 Financier Paul van Zeeland Forms the Government of National Unity in Belgium to Address the Kingdom's Financial Problems Belgium Indiana University
1941 Yugoslavia Joins Axis Powers Germany, Italy & Japan Yugoslavia Germany Italy Japan WWII History Channel Indiana University
1946 The Soviet Union Announces the Withdrawal of Its Troops From Iran Soviet Union Iran Cold War The History Channel
1949 University of California Regents Decide All Employees Must Swear They Are Not Communists California Education McCarthyism University of California Berkeley
1957 France, West Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg Sign a Treaty in Rome Establishing the Common Market France Germany Netherlands Belgium Luxembourg Italy European History International Trade & Economics European Union The History Channel
1960 U.S. Launches First Guided Missile from a Nuclear Sub Nuclear Weapons Naval History Historic Firsts NASA
1961 Nelson Mandela Is Appointed the Secretary of the National Action Council During the All Africa Conference Attended by 1,400 Delegates South African Political and Social Leaders Nelson Mandela South African History
1967 USSR Conducts 20kT Underground Nuclear Test in Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Soviet Union Nuclear Weapons Cold War Geoscience Australia
1968 U.S. Conducts 20kT Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons Cold War Geoscience Australia
President Lyndon Johnson Meets with the 9 "Wise Men" to Discuss Plans for the Vietnam War President Lyndon Johnson Vietnam War History Channel
1975 In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, King Faisal Is Shot to Death by His Nephew, Prince Faisal Saudi Arabia Political and Social Leaders Gun Control Death Middle East History The History Channel BBC
In London, Members of an Extreme Right-Wing British Party Protest Against Integration with Europe London, England Racism European History BBC
1990 The "Seven-Day War" Begins in South Africa's KwaZulu-Natal Province - 3,000 Homes Will Be Razed, 200 People Will Die South Africa War Death South African History
1994 In South Africa, 100,000 Participate in an African National Congress March Demanding Voting Rights South Africa Human Rights/Civil Rights Voting Rights South African History
U.S. Troops Complete Withdrawal from Somalia Ending 15-month Mission Somalia Terrorism The History Channel
2000 In Northern Ireland, David Trimble Narrowly Fends Off a Challenge to His Leadership of the Ulster Unionist Party Northern Ireland Elections BBC

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