Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

APRIL 1

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Cyprus: EOKA Day
(National Organization of Cypriot Fighters (EOKA))
Cyprus U.S. Department of State
1746 Jean-Etienne Portalis (French Lawyer Who Helped Draft the Napoleonic Code) French Political and Social Leaders Napoleon Bonaparte Law
1812 Tunis Campbell (New Jersey-born African-American Statesman, Abolitionist) New Jersey Political and Social Leaders Abolition Politics African-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1815 Otto Von Bismarck (Chancellor of Germany: 1871-90) Otto Von Bismarck
1854 Augustine (aka Augustus) Tolton (Missouri-born African-American Catholic Priest) Missouri Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Catholicism African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1884 Florence Blanchfield (West Virginia-born Nurse; First Woman to be a Fully Ranked Officer of the U.S. Army) West Virginia Military Figures Medical Professions U.S. Army New York Times
1905 Mother (Clara McBride) Hale (North Carolina-born African-American Social Activist Who Founded Hale House in Harlem) North Carolina Political and Social Leaders New York City Political and Social Leaders Community and Social Services African-American Political and Social Leaders Hale House African American Registry
1931 James Lee Dozier (Florida-born Five-Star General) Florida Military Figures U.S. Army Florida Historical Society
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1865 John Milton (Florida Governor: Suicide) Florida Political and Social Leaders History Channel Florida Historical Society
1878 William Brady (Sheriff of Lincoln, New Mexico; Ambushed and Killed, Probably by Billy the Kid) Lincoln, New Mexico Billy the Kid Crime Notorious Americans New Mexcio Magazine
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1813 Spanish Governor Santísima Trinidad de Salcedo Surrenders the City of San Antonio to Mexican Separatist Revolutionaries Spain Mexico San Antonio, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1861 President Lincoln Approves Plans for the Reinforcement of Fort Pickens in Florida Florida President Abraham Lincoln Forts American Civil War Lincoln Logs
1862 Alabama Governor John Gill Shorter Orders a Prohibition on Hard Liquors to Prevent Distillers from Using Food Necessary for the War Alabama Substance Abuse Foods and Nutrition American Civil War Alabama State Archive
1864 The Federal Transport Steamer, Maple Leaf, Strikes a Confederate Torpedo on Florida's St. Johns River and Sinks Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1878 In Lincoln, New Mexico, Sheriff William Brady Is Ambushed and Killed, Probably by Billy the Kid Lincoln, New Mexico Billy the Kid Crime Death Notorious Americans New Mexcio Magazine
1913 In South Africa, Authorization for the Establishment of a National Police Force Is Enacted South African Government Law Enforcement Laws South African History
1918 The British Royal Air Force Begins Operation British Military Figures Aviation Military History WWI British Royal Air Force History Channel Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1924 Adolf Hitler Is Sentenced for the Beer Hall Putsch, an Attempted Coup in Munich By Right-Wing Members of the German Army Germany Adolph Hitler Crime Law History Channel
1933 Nazi Germany Begins Persecuting Jews with a Boycott of Jewish-Owned Businesses Nazi Germany Judaism Economics New York Times
1938 Japan's National Mobilization Law Grants Authority for the Government to Secure and Assign Resources for War Japanese Government Law WWII Asian History
1939 The United States Recognizes the Franco Government in Spain Following the End of the Spanish Civil War Spain War New York Times
1945 U.S. 10th Army Lands 50,000 Troops on Okinawa Okinawa Naval History WWII U.S. Army History Channel New York Times Asian History
1948 U.S. & British Military Trains Are Detained at Soviet-controlled Berlin Checkpoints Berlin Soviet Union Railroads Berlin Airlift British Berlin Airlift Brigade History Channel
By a Margin of Only 4%, the People of Newfoundland Vote to Join the Dominion of Canada Newfoundland Voting CBC
1954 President Dwight Eisenhower Signs Bill Establishing U.S. Air Force Academy President Dwight Eisenhower U.S. Air Force
1955 Cypriots (EOKA) Begin Campaign of Violence Against British Cyprus Great Britain Terrorism Library of Congress
1973 Vietnamese Release Last American Prisoner of War, Robert White Vietnam War Prisoners of  War University of Richmond
1979 Ayatollah Khomeini Proclaims Iran The Islamic Republic of Iran Iran Islam Iran Chamber Society
1983 In England, Tens of Thousands Form a 14-mile Human Chain to Protest Nuclear Power England Nuclear Energy Propaganda The BBC
1990 In Manchester, England, 3 Die as 1,000 Prisoners Protest Overcrowding at Strangeways Prison Manchester, England Prison The BBC
2001 Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic Is Arrested on Corruption Charges After a 26-hour Armed Standoff with Police Slobodan Milosevic Crime The BBC

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