Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

APRIL 9

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Republic of the Philippines: Araw ng Kagitingan/Bataan Day
(Memorial Day for those Filipinos who died at the fall of Bataan: 04/09/1942)
The Fall of Bataan Japan World War II U.S. Department of State Government of Bataan
Tunisia: Martyrs' Day
(Commemoration of the 122 Tunisians killed while rioting for independence from France)
Tunisia France U.S. Department of State
United States: National Former Prisoner of War Recognition Day
(Observed in remembrance of the surrender of the Bataan Peninsula to the Japanese: 04/09/1942)
The Fall of Bataan Prisoners of War Presidential Proclamation
1738 John Bacon (Connecticut-born Clergyman, Congressman) Connecticut Political and Social Leaders U.S. House of Representatives
1758 Fisher Ames (Massachusetts-born Orator, Statesman, Congressman) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress American Revolution
1860 Emily Hobhouse (English Reformer, Social Worker) English Political and Social Leaders
1872 Leon Blum (French Politician; First Socialist and Jewish Premier of France: 1936-37) French Political and Social Leaders Judaism
1876 Park Trammell (Alabama-born Governor of Florida, U.S. Senator) Alabama Political and Social Leaders Florida Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate Florida Historical Society
1905 J. William Fulbright (Missouri-born Arkansas U.S. Senator: Namesake of the Fulbright Scholarships) J. William Fulbright U.S. Congress
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1483 King Edward IV of England English History King Edward IV of England
1945 Dietrich Bonhoeffer (German Theologian Hanged by the Nazis) Nazi Germany World War II Religious Leaders and Theologians The International Dietrich Bonhoeffer Society
1999 Ibrahim Bare Mainassara (President of Niger: Assassinated by Members of His Own Presidential Guard) NigerPolitical and Social Leaders BBC
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1679 The First Census Is Recorded for South Africa's Cape South Africa Demographics Historic Firsts South African History
1682 La Salle Claims Lower Mississippi (Louisiana) for France Robert de la Salle Louisiana North American Explorers & Exploration Mississippi Writers Project Louisiana Secretary of State
1778 Jeremiah Wadsworth Is Named Commissary General of Purchases for the Continental Army Connecticut Military Figures American Revolution History Channel
1862 President Lincoln Writes to General McClellan: "You Must Act" Geroge McClellan Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
1865 Lee Surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia Virginia History Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee Surrender at Appomattox Writer's Almanac Library of Congress History Channel New York Times University of Georgia Virginia Historical Society
1865 Lee Surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia Virginia History Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee Surrender at Appomattox Writer's Almanac Library of Congress History Channel New York Times University of Georgia Virginia Historical Society
Crowds in Washington, D.C. Light Bonfires to Celebrate Lee's Surrender to Grant Washington, D.C. Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee Surrender at Appomattox Lincoln Logs
1866 Congress Overturns Veto by President Johnson to Pass Civil Rights Bill Granting African Americans Full U.S. Citizenship U.S. Congress President Andrew Johnson Historic U.S. Documents Civil Rights African American History PBS African American Registry
1867 U.S. Senate Ratifies the Purchase of Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 Russia Alaska U.S. Senate Economics History Link
1917 Canadian Troops Capture Vimy Ridge in France France Canada World War I Greenwich Guide
1918 German Troops Launch Last-Ditch Spring Offensive Against Allied Positions in Armentieres, France, on the River Lys Germany France World War I History Channel
1940 German Troops Invade Norway & Denmark Without Any Declaration of War Nazi Germany Norway Denmark WWII Writer's Almanac History Channel
1942 U.S. and Filipino Troops Surrender the Bataan Peninsula to the Japanese The Bataan Peninsula Japan Illinois Military Figures New Mexico Military Figures Wisconsin Military Figures World War II History Channel Illinois Historical Society New Mexico Magazine Wisconsin Historical Society
1945 Defiant Theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer Is Hanged by the Nazis Nazi Germany Religion World War II The International Dietrich Bonhoeffer Society
1960 A Disgruntled Farmer Fires Two Shots at South Africa's Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd in a Failed Assassination Attempt South African Political and Social Leaders Crime South African History
1963 Posthumous Presidential Proclamation Makes Winston Churchill the First Honorary U.S. Citizen England Winston Churchill President Kennedy Historic Firsts The Churchill Centre Merriam-Webster
1969 Chicago Eight Plead Not Guilty to Federal Conspiracy Charges Chicago Eight Law and Legal Resources Vietnam War History Channel
Harvard Students Take over University Hall to Protest the Escalation of the War In Vietnam Boston, Massachusetts Education Vietnam War Harvard University Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1990 Agreement Grants Native Americans Control of 180,000 sq. km of Canada's Northwest Territory Mackenzie Valley Canada Native-American Heritage Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
1991 Republic of Georgia Declares Its Independence from the Soviet Union Republic of Georgia The Soviet Union Television News Archive
1992 In Miami, Florida, Panamanian Dictator, Manuel Noriega, Is Convicted on 8 Drug & Racketeering Charges Panamanian Political and Social Leaders Miami, Florida Law and Legal Resources Illegal Drugs Florida Historical Society
1999 Niger President, Ibrahim Bare Mainassara, Is Assassinated by Members of His Own Presidential Guard NigerPolitical and Social Leaders Death BBC South African History
2003 U.S. Soldiers Help Iraqi Citizens Pull Down Baghdad Statue of Saddam Hussein Saddam Hussein U.S.-Iraq War BBC
2005 England's Prince Charles Weds Camilla Parker Bowles British Political and Social Leaders Prince Charles History Channel BBC

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