Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

APRIL 11

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Costa Rica: Juan Santamaria
(Commemoration of the defeat of William Walker's attempt to seize control of Costa Rica: 1855-56)
Costa Rica U.S. Department of State Costa Rica Outdoors
146 Septimus Severus (Emperor of Rome from A.D. 193 to 211) Roman Empire
1492 Margaret of Angouleme (French Queen Consort of Henry II of Navarre; Renaissance Poet and Patron of the Arts) French Political and Social Leaders Poetry Fine Arts
1721 David Zeisberger (Moravian Missionary to Native Americans in Pennsylvania) Czech Political and Social Leaders Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders Native American Heritage Religion History Channel
1770 George Canning (Prime Minister of England) English History Chambers Book of Days Historic UK
1790 George Rockingham Gilmer (Georgia Governor, Congressman) Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress University of  Georgia
1794 Edward Everett (Massachusetts-born Statesman, Orator) Edward Everett Education
1862 Charles Evans Hughes (New York-born U.S. Secretary of State, Chief Justice U.S. Supreme Court Justice) Charles Evans Hughes U.S. Government U.S. Supreme Court
1893 Dean Acheson (Connecticut-born U.S. Secretary of State, Statesman) Dean Acheson U.S. Government
1908 Jane Bolin (New York-born First Female African-American Judge) Jane Bolin Law and Legal Resources Famous African Americans
1928 Ethel Kennedy (Chicago-born Wife of Robert F. Kennedy) Chicago Political and Social Leaders Robert F. Kennedy Biography.com
1930 Nicholas Brady (New York City-born Financier, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury) New York City Political and Social Leaders U.S. Government Economics History Channel U.S. Treasury
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1506 The Foundation Stone of the New Saint Peter's Basilica Is Laid Under the Patronage of Pope Julius II (some sources: 04/18/1506) Italy Catholic Catholic Encyclopedia Concordia
1562 French Huguenots Sign a Manifesto Declaring They Will Fight in Defense of the Protestants France Religion Concordia
1689 William III and Mary II Are Crowned Sovereigns of Britain British History British Monarchy Westminster Abbey Historic UK
1713 France Signs Treaty of Utrecht Recognizing Anne as the Queen of England Great Britain France Queen Anne European History Univeristy of Houston
1775 John Howe Arrives in Concord, Massachusetts to Spy for the British Great Britain Concord, Massachusetts Battles of Lexington and Concord Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1803 France Offers to Sell the Louisiana Territory to the United States France Thomas Jefferson Lousiana Purchase History Channel National Park Service
1814 Napoleon Bonaparte Abdicates as Emperor of France and Is Banished to the Island of Elba French Political and Social Leaders Napoleon New York Times
1853 Georgia-born John A. Campbell Is Sworn in as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Georgia Political and Social Leaders President Franklin Pierce U.S. Supreme Court Oyez University of  Georgia
1861 U.S. Troops Occupy Florida's Fort Pickens Florida American Civil War Forts Florida Historical Society
1862 Confederates Surrender Fort Pulaski, Georgia to Union Troops Georgia Battle of Ft. Pulaski
1864 U.S.S. Nita Captures the Schooner Three Brothers at the Mouth of Florida's Homossassa River Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1865 President Lincoln Makes What Will Be His Last Public Address to Crowd Celebrating the End of the War President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Historic American Documents Lincoln Papers
U.S.S. Sea Bird Captures Two Schooners Carrying Cotton at the Mouth of Florida's Crystal River Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1898 President McKinley Asks Congress to Intervene in Spain's War in Cuba U.S. Congress McKinley Spanish-American War Library of Congress
1899 The Treaty Ending the Spanish-American War Is Declared In Effect Spanish-American War Historic U.S. Documents New York Times
1909 Pope Pius X Issues Decree Beatifying Joan of Arc Joan of Arc Catholicism Catholic Encyclopedia
1912 Police and Militia Break Up Fight Between Roosevelt and Taft Supporters at Michigan's Republican Convention Michigan Political Leaders Theodore Roosevelt William Howard Taft Politics Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1941 German Bombers Blitz Coventry, England Great Britain Nazi Germany World War II CNN
1945 U.S. Troops Liberate Buchenwald Concentration Camp Nazi Germany The Holocaust World War II History Channel
1951 President Truman Informs the Nation He Has Relieved General MacArthur of Korea Command Harry Truman Douglas MacArthur Korean War History Channel New York Times BBC Wisconsin Historical Society
1953 President Eisenhower Appoints Oveta Culp Hobby First Secretary of New Department of HEW HEW President Eisenhower Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1957 British Government Agrees to Singapore Self-Rule Under a New Constitution British Government Singapore Government BBC
1961 Adolf Eichmann Trial Begins in Israel for Nazi War Crimes Israel Adolf Eichmann Law War Crimes BBC
1968 President Lyndon Johnson Signs the 1968 Civil Rights Bill into Law Lyndon Johnson Civil Rights Historic U.S. Documments African-American History Library of Congress Court TV
1970 U.S. B-52s Strike North Vietnamese Positions Vietnam War Aviation History History Channel
1977 President Carter Hosts White House Easter Egg Roll The White House President Carter Easter History Channel
1979 Ugandan Dictator Idi Amin Is Overthrown Ugandan Political and Social Leaders History Channel South African History
1981 Reagan Released from Hospital after Assassination Attempt Ronald Reagan University of Missouri Kansas City New York Times
1990 British Customs Seizes the Barrel of a Massive "Supergun" Bound for Iraq British Government Iraq War BBC
1992 Serbia and Montenegro Proclaim Themselves to be the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Serbia Bates College
1996 Israeli Planes and Helicopters Strike Targets in Beirut, Lebanon Israel Beirut, Lebanon Aviation History War BBC

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