Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

APRIL 17

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American Samoa: Flag Day
(Commemorates American Samoa becoming a U.S. territory: 04/17/1900)
American Samoa American Samoa Historic Preservation Office
Syria: Independence Day
(Commemorates the exit of France from Syria in 1946)
Syria France Syria Alive
1676 Frederick I (King of Sweden ) Sweden
1741 Samuel Chase (Maryland-born Signer of the Declaration of Independence; Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Maryland  Political and Social Leaders Declaration of Independence U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1823 Mifflin W. Gibbs (Pennsylvania-born Jurist; First African American Appointed as a Municipal Judge) Pennsylvania  Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources African-American  Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1849 William R. Day (Ohio-born Associate Justice U.S. Supreme Court) Ohio Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1859 Willis Van Devanter (Indiana-born Associate Justice U.S. Supreme Court) Indiana Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1894 Nikita Khrushchev (Ukrainian-born Leader of the Soviet Union) Nikita Khrushchev Soviet Union The Cold War
1912 Jo Ann Gibson Robinson (Georgia-born African-American Civil Rights Activist) Georgia  Political and Social Leaders Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American  Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1529 Louis de Berquin (French Translator of Luther's Writings into French: Burned at the Stake for Heresy) France Martin Luther Capital Punishment Death Concordia
1856 William Holden Willson (New Hampshire-born Doctor, Carpenter, Whaler, Politician Who Plotted and Named Salem, Oregon) New Hampshire Political and Social Leaders Salem, Oregon SalemOregon.com
1990 Ralph Abernathy (Alabama-born African-American Civil Rights Leader) Ralph Abernathy U.S. Civil Rights Movement Famous African Americans
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1521 Martin Luther Is Cross-Examined at the Diet of Worms by Papal Nuncio Aleander Martin Luther Catholicism Religion Concordia
1524 Giovanni da Verrazano Reaches Present-Day New York Harbor Italy New York City Naval History New York Times
1529 Louis de Berquin, Translator of Luther's Writings into French, Is Burned at the Stake for Heresy France Martin Luther Capital Punishment Death Concordia
1610 Henry Hudson Sails from England for His Fourth Voyage on Which He Will Discover Hudson's Bay Great Britain Canada Naval History History Channel
1640 Sweden's Reorus Torkillus Is the First Lutheran Pastor to Arrive in North America Swedish Political and Social Leaders Lutheranism Historic Firsts Concordia
1783 British Launch Unsuccessful Raid in Arkansas on Spanish-held Fort Carlos Great Britain Spain Arkansas American Revolution Forts History Channel
1822 William Pope Duval Is Commissioned as Florida's First Territorial Governor by President James Monroe Florida President James Monroe Historic Firsts Florida Historical Association
1838 In South Africa, Thousands of Zulu Warriors Trap and Slaughter a British Expeditionary Force South Africa British Military Figures War Death South African History
1856 The Minnesota Pioneer Guard, the State's First Volunteer Military Company, Is Organized in St. Paul St. Paul, Minnesota U.S. Military Figures Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1861 Virginia Secedes from the Union Virginia American Civil War West Virginia Archives University of Georgia Virginia Historical  Society
Confederate Army Imposes Martial Law in Pensacola, Florida and Isolates Fort Pickens Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Association
U.S.S. Powhatan Arrives with More Men and Supplies for Fort Pickens, Florida Florida American Civil War Forts Naval Military History Florida Historical Association
President Lincoln Meets with Group from Maryland Requesting Reinforcements for Fort McHenry Fort HcHenry President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Forts Lincoln Papers
1863 U.S.S. Wanderer Captures the Confederate Schooner Annie B Southwest of Florida's Egmont Key Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Association
1864 Confederates Capture Union Garrison at Plymouth, North Carolina North Carolina American Civil War History Channel
1865 Mary Surratt Is Arrested as Conspirator in Lincoln Assassination Assassination of Abraham Lincoln Surratt house Museum
1869 In Alaska, the U.S. Army Establishes Fort Kenay at the Old Russian Town of Fort St. Nicholas, Today Known as Kenai Kenai, Alaska Forts U.S. Army Alaska Historical Society
1895 Sino-Japanese War Ends with Treaty of Shimonoseki China Japan War Asian History
1917 British Forces Fail in Second Attempt to Capture the Palestinian City of Gaza from the Ottoman Army Palestine Turkey Great Britain World War I History Channel
1939 William O. Douglas Is Sworn in as Associate Justice to the U.S. Supreme Court William O. Douglas Franklin Roosevelt U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1941 Yugoslav Army Surrenders to Germany Yugoslavia Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
1944 Fifteen-year-old Martin Luther King Jr. Deliver His Oration "The Negro and the Constitution" Martin Luther King, Jr. Stage and Theater African-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1945 Americans Seize 1,100 tons of Uranium in Strassfut, Germany Nazi Germany Uranium Nuclear Weapons Cold War History Channel
1946 Syria Gains Its Independence as the Last French Troops Leave the Country Syria France CIA
1951 The British Submarine, Affray, Sinks: All 75 Crew Members Die British Military Figures Naval Military History Death BBC
1954 The Federation of South African Women Is Founded South Africa Women South African History
1958 The National Party Wins a Third Successive South African General Election South Africa Elections South African History
1960 American Samoa's New Flag Is Dedicated American Samoa Government of American Samoa
1961 U.S. Bay of Pigs Invasion Fails to Overthrow Castro Cuba John F. Kennedy The Cold War History Channel New York Times BBC
1969 Alexander Dubcek Is Deposed as Czechoslovakia's Leader Czech Republic Slovakia History Channel
Sirhan Sirhan Is Convicted of the 1968 Murder of Robert F. Kennedy at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California Los Angeles, California Robert F. Kennedy Law and Legal Resources Learn California
21-year-old Bernadette Devlin Is Elected as the Youngest Woman to Serve in the British Parliament Great Britain British Government Women Elections BBC
The Legal Voting Age in Great Britain Is Lowered from 21 to 18 British Government Law and Legal Resources Voting Rights Historic UK
1975 Pol Pot & Khmer Rouge Take Control of Cambodia Cambodia History Channel
1980 Formal Ceremony Makes Rhodesia Independent from Great Britain: Name Changed to Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Great Britain TV news Archive African American Registry
1982 The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms Is Placed into Effect Canada Great Britain Historic World Documents Canadian Government
1984 10 Are Wounded and a Policewoman Is Killed by Gunshots Fired from the Libyan Embassy in London Libya Great Britain Terrorism Death BBC
1986 British Journalist Kidnapped in Beirut, Lebanon and Held Hostage for Five Years Beirut, Lebanon British Authors & Illustrators Terrorism BBC
1999 Bomb Blast Injures 45 in London Great Britain Terrorism BBC

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