Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

APRIL 20

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1494 Johann Agricola (German Lutheran Reformer Who Helped Introduce Lutheranism to Frankfurt) German Political & Social Leaders Luthernism
1807 John Milton (The Fifth Governor of Florida: 1861-1865) Florida Political and Social Leaders Politics Florida Historical Society
1808 Napoleon III (Emperor of France) French Political and Social Leaders
1889 Adolph Hitler (Austrian-born German Dictator) Adolph Hitler Nazi Germany
1892 Howard Vickery (Ohio-born Vice Admiral of the U.S. Navy: 1944-46) Ohio Military Leaders Naval History
1909 E. Frederic Morrow (New Jersey-born African-American Attorney, Civil Rights Advocate) New Jersey Political and Social Leaders U.S. Government President Dwight Eisenhower African American Performing Artists African-American Registry
1920 John Paul Stevens (Chicago-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Chicago Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Law and Legal Resources Oyez
1959 Cheryl Carolus (South African Rights Activist, Stateswoman) South African Political and Social Leaders Human Rights/Civil Rights South African History
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1769 Pontiac (Chief of the Ottawa Indians) Pontiac
1812 George Clinton (New York-born Vice President of the United States - Died in Office) New York Political Leaders U.S. Government James Madison
1928 Felix Huston Robertson (Texas-born Military Leader; The Last Surviving Confederate General) Texas Military Figures American Civil War American Military Figures State Historical Association
1947 King Christian X of Denmark Denmark
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1139 Pope Innocent II Opens the Second Lateran Council in Rome Rome, Italy Catholicism Concordia
1441 At the Council of Florence, Pope Eugenius IV Issues Bull Declaring the Pope Superior to Church councils. Italy Catholicism Concordia
1653 Oliver Cromwell Forcibly Dissolves the British Parliament British Political and Social Leaders Parliament Chambers' Book of Days
1657 English Navy Destroys Spain's Bullion Fleet in Santa Cruz Harbor Great Britain Spain Naval History British Royal Navy
1689 The Siege of Londonderry Begins (Lasting through July 30) Great Britain Northern Ireland The Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland History Channel
1769 Ottawa Indian Chief Pontiac Is Murdered by an Illinois Indian Pontiac
1792 France Declares War on Austria, Marking Start of French Revolutionary Wars France Austria French Revolution European History Mt. Holyoke College
1818 Congress Approves President Monroe's Call for Protectionist Tariff Legislation U.S. Congress President James Monroe Economics History Channel
1842 The Adelsverein Is Established in Germany for the Purpose of Establishing a New Germany in Texas Germany Texas Immigration State Historical Association
1853 Santa Ana Resumes Role as President of Mexico Antonio López de Santa Anna University of Texas
1861 President Lincoln Holds Meetings About the Mob Attack on Union Troops in Baltimore Maryland American Civil War President Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Papers
Robert E. Lee Resigns from the U.S. Army Robert E. Lee American Civil War History Channel
1863 President Lincoln Issues Proclamation Admitting West Virginia into the Union West Virginia President Abraham Lincoln Historic U.S. Documents Lincoln Papers
Federal Ships Capture a British Blockade Runner and a Quantity of Cotton at Apalachicola, Florida Apalachicola, Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1865 Macon, Georgia Is Surrendered Over to Federal Forces Macon, Georgia American Civil War Macon, Georgia University of Georgia
1898 President William McKinley Asks Congress to Declare War on Spain Spain U.S. Congress President William McKinley Spanish-American War History Channel
1917 Allied Offensive Against German Troops Fails in Central France France Germany History Channel
1927 General Tanaka Giichi of the Seiyukai Party Takes Over as Japan's Prime Minister Japanese Political and Social Leaders Asian History
1945 Allied Forces Take Control of The German Cities of Nuremberg and Stuttgart Nazi Germany World War II Churchill Society New York Times
1949 Chinese Communist Forces Fire on the British Frigate H.M.S. Amethyst, Killing Many Aboard China Great Britain Naval Military History Death Asian History
1951 U.S. Creates a Military Assistance Advisory Group for Chinese Nationalist Regime on Taiwan China Nationalist China Asian History
1953 Prisoner Exchange Begins in Korea United Nations Korean War Prisoners of War BBC
1968 Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson Resigns, Succeeded by Pierre Trudeau  Pierre Trudeau  Canada Info New York Times
1970 President Nixon Promises to Withdraw 150,000 Troops from Vietnam President Richard Nixon Vietnam War History Channel
1974 Violence in Northern Ireland Claims Its 1,000th Victim Northern Ireland Terrorism Death BBC
1978 A Korean Air Lines Jet Is Forced Down over the Soviet Union The Soviet Union Korea Aviation History The Cold War History Channel
1984 Britain Announces Its Administration of Hong Kong Will Cease in 1997 Great Britain Hong Kong World History CNN

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