Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

APRIL 22

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1451 Queen Isabella I of Spain Who Sponsored Columbus' Voyage to the New World Queen Isabella I Christopher Columbus
1812 James Ramsey (Scottish Statesman, Governor General of India: 1847-56) Scottish Political and Social Leaders Indian Political and Social Leaders BBC
1818 Cadwallader Colden Washburn (Maine-born Business Leader in Minnesota; Wisconsin U.S. Congressman and Governor (1872-74), Namesake of Washburn County, Wisconsin) Maine Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Business Leaders Washburn County, Wisconsin U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
1830 Emily Davies (English Advocate for University Education for Women) English Political and Social Leaders Education Women Human Rights/Civil Rights
1837 David Brydie Mitchell (Scottish-American Governor of Georgia) Scottish Political and Social Leaders Georgia Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1870 Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov Lenin (Russian Communist Leader of the Bolshevik Revolution) Vladimir Lenin Soviet Union
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1903 Alexander Ramsey (Minnesota's First Territorial Governor and Second State Governor; A Founder of the Minnesota Historical Society) Minnesota Political and Social Leaders
1908 Henry Campbell-Bannerman (Scottish-born Prime Minister of Great Britain: 1905-08) Scottish Political and Social Leaders British Political and Social Leaders BBC
1971 Jean-Claude Duvalier (Haitian Dictator) Haiti Political and Social Leaders BBC
1994 Richard Nixon (California-born 37th President of the United States) California Political and Social Leaders Richard Nixon American Presidency
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1500 Pedro Alvares Cabral Claims Brazil for Portugal Brazil Portugal Britannica
1774 The New York Tea Party Takes Place as the Sons of Liberty Empty Cargo From the Ship London into the New York Harbor England New York City Naval Military History Taxes American Revolution New York Historical Society
1778 Commander John Paul Jones Sets the Town of Whitehaven, England Afire Whitehaven, England John Paul Jones Naval Military History Fire American Revolution The History Channel
1834 The South Atlantic Island St. Helena Is Claimed by the English East India Company to be Colonized under a Charter from Charles II England Naval History South African History
1838 The British Ship Sirius Is the First Steamship to Cross the Atlantic, Arriving in New York After Completing an 18-day Crossing Great Britain New York City Steamships Historic UK
1861 Robert E. Lee Begins Trip to Richmond to Take Command of Confederate Forces Robert E. Lee American Military Leaders American Civil War National Park Service
President Lincoln Refuses a Request from Members of the Baltimore YMCA to Ban Union Troop Movement through Maryland Baltimore, Maryland President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Baltimore YMCA Lincoln Log
1863 Colonel Benjamin Grierson's Union Troops Destroy Telegraph Lines Near Macon, Mississippi Macon, Mississippi Telegraph Grierson's Raid The History Channel
The U.S.S. Octorara Seizes the British Schooner Handy, Carrying a Cargo of Salt Off the Coast of East Florida Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Association
1864 Confederate Forces Kill 11 Federal Soldiers and Captured 30 Palatka, Florida Palatka, Florida American Civil War Death Florida Historical Association
1898 The Spanish-American War Begins as the USS Nashville Captures a Spanish Merchant Ship Off Key West, Florida Spain Key West , Florida Naval Military History Spanish-American War New York Times
1915 Germans Make First Use of Poison Chlorine Gas at the Second Battle of Ypres Germany World War I Chlorine Historic Firsts Brigham Young University History Channel Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1945 Adolf Hitler Admits to All in His Underground Bunker That the War Is Lost and That Suicide Is His Only Recourse Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler World War II History Channel
1952 An Atomic Test Conducted in Nevada is the First Nuclear Explosion Shown on Live Network Television Nevada Nuclear Weapons Television Historic Firsts New York Times
1954 Senator Joe McCarthy Begins First Televised Hearings on the U.S. Army, Which He Claims Is "Soft" on Communism Joe McCarthy U.S. Senate McCarthyism U.S. Army Television Historic Firsts The History Channel Wisconsin Historical Society
1963 Lester Bowles Pearson Becomes Prime Minister of Canada Canada  Canada Info
1980 Canada Announces It Will Boycott the 1980 Moscow Summer Olympics Canada Moscow, Russia 1980 Moscow Summer Olympics The Cold War CBC
1990 Pro-Iranian Kidnappers in Lebanon Free American Hostage Robert Polhill After Nearly 39 Months of Captivity Lebanon Iran Terrorism Middle East History New York Times
1994 BÝrge Ousland First Person to Reach the North Pole Alone Arctic Norway Official Website
1997 Government Commandos Storm the Japanese Ambassador's Residence in Lima, Peru, Ending a 126-day Hostage Crisis, Killing All 14 Rebels, Rescuing 71 Hostages Lima Peru Terrorism Death BBC
2000 In Miami, Florida, U.S. Federal Agents Removes 6-year-old Refugee, EliŠn GonzŠlez, to Return Him to His Father in Cuba Elian Gonzalez Miami, Florida Latin-American Heritage BBC
2004 North Korean Train Accident Kills and Injures More Than 2,000 Korea Railroad Death CBS News
2005 Zacarias Moussaoui Pleads Guilty in U.S. Federal Court to Conspiring with the 9/11 Hijackers to Kill Americans New York City New York World Trade Center Crime Terrorism Law and Legal Resources CNN

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