Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return


Taiwan: Cheng Cheng Kung Landing Day
(Commemorates the 1661 ouster of Dutch colonists)
Taiwan China The Netherlands CNN
1745 Oliver Ellsworth (Connecticut-born Member of the U.S. Senate; Chief Justice of U.S. Supreme Court) Connecticut Political and Social Leaders United States Senate United States Supreme Court
1792 Matthew Vassar (English-American Founder and Namesake of Vassar College) English Political and Social Leaders New York Education Educators of Note Vassar College Library of Congress
1818 Alexander II Tsar of Russia Russian Political and Social Leaders
1824 Alfred Colquitt (Governor of Georgia; Member of the U.S. Congress) Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1839 Marcellus Lovejoy Stearns (Maine-born 11th Governor of Florida: 1874-1877) Maine Political and Social Leaders Florida Political and Social Leaders
1901 Emperor Hirohito of Japan Japanese Political and Social Leaders Writer's Almanac New York Times
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1429 17-year-old Joan of Arc Enters the Besieged City of Orleans to Lead a Victory over the English Joan of Arc England War The History Channel BBC
1554 Over 150 Sailors Die, When 3 Spanish Treasure Ships Are Wrecked by a Storm Off Padre Island Near Present-Day Port Mansfield, Texas Spain Port Mansfield, Texas Naval History Death Texas State Historical Association
1661 Cheng Cheng Kung Ousts Taiwan's Ruling Dutch Colonists China Taiwan The Netherlands CNN
1770 Captain James Cook Goes Ashore at Australia's Botany Bay Australia Captain James Cook Naval History Sutherland Shire Environment Centre
1776 General George Washington Orders Brigadier General Nathanael Greene to Take Command of Long Island New York City George Washington American Revolution The History Channel
1814 The U.S.S. Peacock Captures Britain's H.M.S. Epervier Near Florida's St. Mary's River Florida Great Britain War of 1812 Florida Historical Society
1838 2 U.S. Soldiers and 12 Seminole Indians Are Killed in a Skirmish Near Florida's Tuscawilla Pond Florida Seminole Indians Death Florida Historical Society
1861 Maryland's House of Delegates Votes Against Seceding from the Union Maryland Voting American Civil War New York Times
In Montgomery, Alabama, President Jefferson Davis Announces Ratification of the Confederate Constitution in a Message to the Confederate Congress Montgomery, Alabama Jefferson Davis Historic U.S. Docuements American Civil War Yale University University of Georgia
1862 New Orleans Falls to Union Forces New Orleans New Orleans The History Channel
1863 Confederate Troops under General William Jones Capture the Town of Fairmont, Virginia (West Virginia) Virginia Fairmont, West Virginia Fairmont West Virginia State Archives
1911 A 5-month Siege by the Turks and Germans Forces 13,000 British Soldiers to Surrender at Kut-al-Amara in Modern-Day Iraq Iraq Great Britain Turkey Germany World War I The History Channel
The Easter Uprising in Dublin Collapses as Irish Nationalists Surrender to British Authorities Dublin, Ireland Great Britain Easter New York Times
1926 The U.S. Restructures France's $4 Billion Debt France International Trade The History Channel
1945 American Soldiers Liberate Dachau Concentration Camp NAZI Germany Holocaust Word War II The History Channel
Adolph Hitler and Eva Braun Are Married in Hitler's Bunker Adolph Hitler Word War II The History Channel
1946 28 Former Japanese Leaders Are Indicted As War Criminals Japanese Political and Social Leaders War Crimes Law The History Channel
1950 Secretary of State Dean Acheson Denies That Former State Department Consultant and University Professor Owen Lattimore Was a Top Soviet Spy Soviet Union Dean Acheson U.S.  Secretary of State McCarthyism The History Channel
1963 In Johnson v. Virginia, the U.S. Supreme Court Rules That Racial Segregation in Courtrooms Is Unconstitutional Virginia U.S. Supreme Court Racism Human Rights/Civil Rights Law Virginia Historical Society
1970 U.S. and South Vietnamese Forces Begin Ground Operations to Clear North Vietnamese Sanctuaries 20 Miles Inside the Cambodian Border Cambodia Vietnam Vietnam War The History Channel
1974 President Richard Nixon Announces the Release of Edited Transcripts of Secretly Made White House Tape Recordings Related to the Watergate Scandal Watergate Scandal The White House The History Channel
1975 The Largest Helicopter Evacuation on Record Begins Removing the Last Americans from Saigon Saigon, Vietnam Helicopters Vietnam War The History Channel
1978 Marxist Rebels Topple the Afghan Government Afghanistan Middle East History BBC
1981 South Africa's Pro-Apartheid National Party Is Voted Back into Power South African Government Apartheid Elections South African History
1983 Harold Washington Is Sworn In As the First African-American Mayor of Chicago Chicago Political and Social Leaders African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Chicago Public Library Writer's Almanac
1994 South Africa's First Multi-Racial General Election Gives the African National Congress (ANC) Control of the Government South African Government Elections Historic Firsts South African History
2004 President Bush & Vice President Cheney Meet Behind Closed Doors with 9-11 Commission National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States President George W. Bush September 11 Attacks PBS
A National World War II Monument Opens to the Public in Washington D.C. Washington, D.C. World War II Monument New York Times
2011 Great Britain's Prince William Marries Catherine Middleton in Westminster Abbey Great Britain Prince William BBC

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