Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

MAY 1

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Marshall Islands: Constitution Day
(Observed annually on May 1)
Marshall Islands Embassy of the Marshall Islands, Washington, D.C.
United States: Law Day
(Established as an annual May 1 observance by 1958 Presidential Proclamation)
Law & Legal Resources Library of Congress Presidential Proclamation
United States: Loyalty Day
(Established by 2003 Presidential Proclamation)
UTNE Magazine Presidential Proclamation
1769 Arthur Wellsley, Duke of Wellington (British Military Leader Who Defeated Napoleon at Waterloo) British History France Napoleon Bonaparte
1780 John McKinley (Virginia-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Virginia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez Alabama Archives
1827 John Bascom (New York-born President of the University of Wisconsin) New York Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note University of Wisconsin Wisconsin Historical Society
1830 Mary Harris "Mother" Jones (Irish-American Labor Leader) Mother Jones Labor
1881 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (French Theologian, Philosopher, and Paleontologist) French Political and Social Leaders Theologians Philosophy Paleontology
1887 Alan G. Cunningham (British Commander Who Liberated Ethiopia From Italian Occupation) British History Ethiopia World War II History Channel
1896 Mark Clark (New York-born U.S. Army General, World War II and the Korean War) New York Military Figures World War II Korean War
1903 Melvin Thompson (Governor of Georgia) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Politics University of Georgia
1912 Winthrop Rockefeller (New York City-born Philanthropist and Governor of Arkansas: 1967-71) New York City Business Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Politics
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1566 Pius V (Italian-born Catholic Pope) Italian Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes Concordia
1863 Edward Dorr Tracy (Georgia-born Confederate General Killed in the Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War University of Georgia
1989 David Webster (South African Anti-Apartheid Activist; Assassinated) South-African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid South African History
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1515 England's King Henry VIII and Queen Catherine Celebrate May Day English Political and Social Leaders King Henry VIII May Day Greenwich Guide
1562 French Huguenots Land in Florida Seeking to Establish a Colony for French Religious Dissenters France Florida Colonial America Religion Florida Historical Society
1707 Acts of Union Unite England, Wales & Scotland to Form the United Kingdom British History Scotland Wales Welsh History Historic UK Merriam-Webster
1718 Mission, Precursor of the Alamo, Founded at San Antonio, Texas San Antonio, Texas The Alamo San Antonio, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1810 Macon's Bill No. 2 Lifts Restrictions on U.S. Trade with England and France Great Britain France U.S. Congress International Trade Humanities Web
1837 Pennsylvania's John Catron Is Sworn in as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders President Andrew Jackson U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1861 The 1st Michigan Infantry Is Mustered Into Service at Detroit Michigan American Civil War State of Michigan
1863 Hooker and Lee Begin 4-day Battle Near Chancellorsville, Virginia Virginia Battle of Chancellorville History Channel
President Lincoln Writes the Governor of Pennsylvania His State is Safe from Attack Pennsylvania President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
The Confederate Congress Adopts a Second National Flag to Replace the Stars and Bars American Civil War University of Georgia
1864 U.S.S. Fox Captures the Confederate Sloop Oscar Along Florida's Gulf Coast Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1886 100,000 Turn Out to Greet the Visit of Former Confederate President Jefferson Davis to Atlanta Atlanta, Georgia Jefferson Davis American Civil War University of Georgia
1898 Dewey Commands, "You may fire when ready, Gridley!" Spanish-American War U.S. History New York Times
U.S. Ships Destroy Spain's Pacific Fleet in the Battle of Manila Bay Spanish-American War Philippines Naval History History Channel Asian History
First Washington Volunteer Infantry Regiment Musters for the Spanish-American War Washington Military Figures Spanish-American War History Link
1901 Pan-American Exposition Opens in Buffalo New York U.S. History Buffalo FreeNet
1931 President Hoover Officially Opens the Empire State Building Empire State Building President Hoover Library of Congress History Channel Writer's Almanac
1941 Wisconsin's Governor Signs a Bill Requiring Military Training for All Able-Bodied University of Wisconsin Freshman and Sophomore Male Students Wisconsin Education Education World War II University of Wisconsin Wisconsin Historical Society
1944 The First German Prisoners of War (POWs), Many from Rommel's Afrika Korps, Arrived at Fort du Pont (Delaware City) Germany Delaware City, Delaware Prisoners of War World War II State of Delaware
1945 Germany Announces That Hitler Is Dead Germany Adolph Hitler BBC
1948 The People's Democratic Republic of Korea (North Korea) Is Proclaimed Korea North Korea New York Times
1958 President Eisenhower Proclaims May 1 as Law Day President Eisenhower Law MIT Library of Congress
1960 Soviets Shoot Down Unarmed U.S. U-2 Reconnaissance Plane Soviet Union Aviation History U-2 Incident History Channel New York Times
The Indian State of Bombay Is Split Into the States of Gujarat & Maharashtra India Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
1961 Castro Bans Elections in Socialist Cuba Fidel Castro Elections Cold War BBC
1967 Anastasio Somoza Debayle Becomes President of Nicaragua Nicaraguan Political and Social Leaders New York Times
1970 Seattle, Washington Marchers Protest Expansion of War into Cambodia, Killings at Kent State Cambodia Seattle, Washington Vietnam War History Link
1979 Marshall Islands Become Self-governing Marshall Islands U.S. Department of State
South Africa's Parliament Tables the First Report of the Wiehahn Commission South-African Govenment South African History
1982 British Planes Attack Two Airstrips on the Falkland Islands Argentina Great Britain Aviation Military History War BBC
1986 World Continues to Assess the Damage of the Chernobyl Nuclear Accident Soviet Union Chernobyl Nuclear Accident Radiation Television News Archive
1987 Pope John Paul II Beatifies Edith Stein, a Jewish-born Carmelite Nun Murdered by Nazis at Auschwitz. German Political and Social Leaders Nazi Germany Pope John Paul II Catholicism New York Times
1989 South African Anti-Apartheid Activist Is Assassinated South-Africa Apartheid South African History
1997 After 18 Years of Conservative Rule, Britain's Labour Party Returns to Power British Government Elections Labour Party History Channel

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