Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

MAY 12

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Finland: Snellman's Day
(Commemorates the birth date of J.V. Snellman: 05/12/1806)
J.V. Snellman Finnguide
1804 Robert Baldwin (Canadian Statesman) Canadian Political and Social Leaders
1806 J.V. Snellman (Finnish Journalist, Statesman, Nationalist) J.V. Snellman
James Shields (Irish-American U.S. Senator for 3 Different States: Illinois, Minnesota, and Missouri) Irish Political and Social Leaders Illinois Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Political and Social Leaders Missouri Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1820 Florence Nightingale (English Humanitarian, Medical Pioneer and Statistician) Florence Nightingale Medicine Statistics Crimean War
1850 Henry Cabot Lodge ( Massachusetts-born Statesman, Historian) Henry Cabot Lodge U.S. Congress Treaty of Versailles Library of Congress
1926 Mervyn M. Dymally (Trinidad-born African-American Congressman) Mervyn M. Dymally California Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress African American Political and Social Leaders
1952 Shepherd Mdladlana (South African Minister of Labour and a Member of the Communist Party) South African Political and Social Leaders Labor South African History
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1003 Pope Sylvester II (French-born Pope of the Catholic Church) French Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes Concordia
1012 Pope Sergius IV (Catholic Pope) Catholic Popes Concordia
1935 Józef Pilsudski (Polish Social and Military Leader) Poland Józef Pilsudski Institute of America
1981 Benjamin Sheares (President of Singapore) Singapore
Francis Hughes (Member of the Irish Republican Army, Died on a Hunger Strike in Prison) British Political and Social Leaders Northern Ireland Prison BBC
1994 John Smith (Leader of Britain's Labour Party) British Political and Social Leaders BBC
2003 Walter Sisulu (South African Anti-Apartheid Leader) Walter Sisulu Human Rights BBC
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1310 In Paris Fifty-four Knights Templar Are Burned Alive Paris, France Knights Templar Capital Punishment Death Concordia
1521 England's King Henry VIII Burns the Writings of Martin Luther in Front of London's St. Paul's Cathedral London, England King Henry VIII Martin Luther Religion Concordia
1531 Switzerland's Protestant Cantons Blockade the Country's Five Romanist Cantons Switzerland Religion Concordia
1552 The Dominicans in Peru Create the University of Lima by Royal Decree Peru Education Education Concordia
1740 James Oglethorpe's Invasion Force of Spanish Florida Attacked Fort Diego and the Garrison's 48 Defenders Surrender James Oglethorpe Spain Georgia Florida Colonial America Forts University of Georgia Georgia Historical Society
1780 Charleston, South Carolina Falls to the British after a 6-week Siege Great Britain Charleston, South Carolina The American Revolution South Carolina Historic Society History Channel
1781 The Chippewa Sell Mackinac Island to the British Great Britain Mackinac Island Chippewa Mackinac Island State of Michigan
1790 James Iredell Is Sworn in as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court English Political and Social Leaders President George Washington U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1791 President George Washington Arrives in Georgia for a 4-day Visit Georgia President George Washington American Presidency University of Georgia Georgia Historical Society
1809 British Out Maneuver French at Oporto, Forcing Their Retreat from Portugal Great Britain France Portugal The Peninsular War
1836 Philip P. Barbour Is Sworn in as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Virginia Political and Social Leaders President Andrew jackson U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1861 President Lincoln Orders the Blockade of Ports at Beaufort, N.C., Port Royal, S.C., and New Orleans North Carolina South Carolina New Orleans President Abraham Lincoln The American Civil War Lincoln Papers
1862 Slave Crew Steals Confederate Warship Planter and Surrender It to the Union The American Civil War African-American History George Mason University African American Registry
1863 President Lincoln Receives Confirmation of the Death of Stonewall Jackson Stonewall Jackson President Abraham Lincoln Civil War Lincoln Papers
1864 Union Forces Attack the Center of Confederate Lines at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia Virginia Spotsylvania The History Channel University of Georgia Georgia Historical Society
In Georgia, Sherman's Troops March Southward to Resaca Georgia Sherman's March University of Georgia Georgia Historical Society
U.S.S. Beauregard Captures the British Sloop Resolute Anchored off Cape Canaveral, Florida Cape Canaveral, Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Cape Canaveral, Florida Florida Historical Society
1865 Confederate Gunboat Spray Is Surrendered to Federal Authorities at Florida's Fort Ward Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1870 Manitoba Act Receives Royal Assent Establishing Canada's 5th Province Canada Canadian Encyclopedia New York Times
1892 The New Mexico Territorial Capitol Building in Santa Fe Is Destroyed by Fire Santa Fe, New Mexico Fire New Mexico Magazine
1918 Germany and Austria-Hungary Sign Pact to Exploit Ukraine Ukraine Germany Austria Hungary European History The History Channel
1926 Roald Amundsen, Umberto Nobile, Lincoln Ellsworth Cross North Pole in Airship Roald Amundsen The Arctic Aviation History Century of  Flight
Marshal Jozef Pilsudski Leads Successful Coup Against Polish Government Poland Józef Pilsudski Institute of America
Britain's Trades Union Congress Ends Its 9-day General Strike That Brought the Nation to a Standstill Great Britain Labor Strikes Historic UK
1937 George VI Is Crowned King of England in London's Westminster Abbey England George VI Museum of London New York Times
1941 Hitler Provides Bombers to Support Iraq's Revolt Against the British Iraq Great Britain Nazi Germany Aviation Military  History World History The History Channel
1942 Construction Begins on a German Prisoner of War Camp In Northeastern Walker County, Texas Nazi Germany Walker County, Texas World War II Prisoners of War Texas State Historical Association
1943 German General von Arnim, Surrenders All Axis Troops in North Africa Africa Nazi Germany World War II New York Times
1949 The Soviet Union Announces an End to Its 11-month Berlin Blockade Germany Soviet Union The Cold War The History Channel
1961 Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson Meets with South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem in Saigon Ngo Dinh Diem Lyndon Johnson John F. Kennedy Vietnam War The History Channel
1962 France and West African States Establish the West African Monetary Union Africa France Economics Central Bank of the West African States
1965 West Germany and Israel Exchange Letters Establishing Diplomatic Relations Germany Israel The Holocaust World History Jewish Virtual Library New York Times
1970 Senate Unanimously Confirms Harry A. Blackmun as Supreme Court Justice Harry Blackmun United States Supreme Court The Supreme Court Historical Society New York Times
1975 U.S. Coral Sea Enters Gulf of Thailand after Cambodia Seizes U.S. Ship Thailand Cambodia President Gerald Ford Naval Military History The History Channel
1981 IRA Member, Francis Hughes, Dies While on a Hunger Strike in Maze Prison British Political and Social Leaders Northern Ireland Prison Death BBC
1982 In Fatima, Portugal, Security Guards Overpower a Spanish Priest Planning to Stab Pope John Paul II Fatima, Portugal Pope John Paul II Religion New York Times
1985 30-year-old Amy Eilberg Is Ordained as the First Jewish Conservative Female Rabbi in America Pennyslvania Political and Social Leaders American Women Political and Social Leaders Judaism Historic Firsts Concordia
1991 Moderate Nepali Congress Wins Nepal's First Multiparty Elections in 32 Years Nepal Elections and Voting Nepali Congress Party
1996 Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa Confirms His Resignation as African National Congress Secretary-General South African Political and Social Leaders South African History
1997 India & Pakistan Agree to Work to Resolve All Outstanding Issues India Pakistan Pakistan Alert Network
Russia and Chechnya Agree to End 400-year Conflict Russia CNN
2002 Jimmy Carter Is First Sitting or Former President to Visit Cuba Since 1959 Revolution Cuba Jimmy Carter CBS News

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