Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

MAY 13

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1717 Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria Austrian Political and Social Leaders
1737 William Petty-Fitzmaurice (British Prime Minister: July 1782 - April 1783) British Political and Social Leaders
1792 Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti (Italian-born Pope Pius IX: 1846-78) Italian Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Pope Pius IX
1829 Segundo Ruiz Belvis (Puerto Rican Politician, Attorney, Abolitionist) Segundo Ruiz Belvis Law and Legal Resources Abolition Hispanic Political and Social Leaders
1944 Kathleen Cleaver (Texas-born African-American Civil Rights Advocate) Texas Political and Social Leaders Civil Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1951 Sharon Sayles Belton (First Female and First African-American Mayor of Minneapolis, Minnesota) Minneapolis, Minnesota American Woman Political and Social Leaders African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1807 Eliphalet Dyer (Connecticut-born Patriot) Connecticut Political and Social Leaders Colonial Connecticut American Revolutions The History Channel
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1568 Mary Queen of Scots Is Defeated at the Battle of Langside Scotland Mary Queen of Scots War Royal Stuarts The History Channel BBC
1740 James Oglethorpe's Invasion Force of Spanish Florida Reaches the St. Johns River James Oglethorpe Spain Georgia Florida Colonial America Georgia Historical Society University of Georgia
1760 In London, the Lords of Trade Appoint James Wright Lieutenant Governor of Georgia London, England Georgia Political and Social Leaders ColonialGeorgia Georgia Historical Society University of Georgia
1775 Lyman Hall Arrives in Philadelphia as the Representative of Georgia's St. John's Parish to the Second Continental Congress Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Georgia Political and Social Leaders Second Continental Congress ColonialGeorgia Georgia Historical Society University of Georgia
1846 The U.S. Congress Declares War on Mexico Mexico U.S. Congress Mexican-American War Library of Congress New York Times
1861 Over 1,000 Union Troops Take Control of Baltimore American Civil War Maryland Civil War Art
Britain Declares Itself Neutral in U.S. Civil War Britain American Civil War Civil War Art
The First Wheeling Convention Begins, Setting the Stage for the Creation of West Virginia Wheeling, West Virginia American Civil War West Virginia State Archives
President Lincoln Reviews District Militia As It Passes through White House Grounds and Speaks From an Upper Window to a Group of Serenaders Washington, D.C. President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Log
1862 President Lincoln Addresses the 12th Indiana Regiment Indiana President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Log
The U.S.S. Vincennes Arrives in Pensacola Bay to Assist with the Federal Occupation of the City of Pensacola Pensacola, Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1863 Grant's Troops Advance on Jackson, Misssissippi Mississippi Ulysess S. Grant American Civil War The History Channel
The U.S.S. DeSoto and the U.S.S. Huntsville Each Capture Confederate Schooners Off the Coast of Florida Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1864 Battle at Spotsylvania Continues Virginia Battle at Spotsylvania
The First Fighting Begins at Resaca, Georgia as Union Forces Test the Strength and Location of Confederate Defenses Resaca, Georgia Battle at Resaca Georgia Historical Society University of Georgia
A Confederate Prisoner of War First Soldier Is Buried at Arlington National Cemetery Virginia American Civil War Prisoners of War Arlington National Cemetary Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1865 Last Battle of the Civil War Is Fought at Palmito Ranch, Texas Texas Battle of Palmito Ranch Texas State Historical Association
The Union Commander of Atlanta Directs Passes to be Provided for All African-Americans in the City. Atlanta, Georgia Fall of Atlanta African-American Heritage Georgia Historical Society University of Georgia
1888 Brazil's Golden Law Abolishes Slavery Brazil Slavery African American Registry
1900 British Forces under the Command of Field Marshall Roberts Take Bloemfontein in the Second Boer War Great Britain Boer Wars Boer Wars Historic UK
1917 Children Report Vision of Virgin Mary Near Fatima, Portugal Portugal Our Lady of Fatima CNN New York Times
1940 Winston Churchill Delivers His "Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat" Speech British History Winston Churchill World War II The History Channel
1958 Venezuelan Protesters Stone Vice President Nixon's Limo Venezuela Richard Nixon The Cold War The History Channel
1968 Marching in Paris, 800,000 Students, Teachers and Workers Demanding the Fall of the Charles de Gaulle Government Charles de Gaulle Propaganda Education Labor BBC
1969 In South Africa, Former Pan-Africanist Congress Leader, Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe, Is Released From Detention South African Political and Social Leaders Law South African History
1971 Vietnam War Peace Talks in Paris Enter Their Fourth Year Paris, France Vietnam War The History Channel
1980 Douglas A. Fraser, President of the United Auto Workers, Is Named to the Chrysler Corporation Board of Directors Scottish Political and Social Leaders Labor Unions Business United Auto Workers Chrysler The History Channel
1981 Pope John Paul II Is Shot and Wounded in St. Peter's Square Catholicism Pope John Paul II Terrorism BBC The History Channel New York Times Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
1991 In South Africa, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela Is Found Guilty on Four Charges of Kidnapping and Four Charges of Accessory to Assault South African Political and Social Leaders Nelson Mandela Crime Law South African History
1996 South African President Nelson Mandela Announces Changes to the Cabinet Ministers South African Government Nelson Mandela South African History

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