Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

MAY 16

563 B.C. Siddharta Gautama (Buddha) Buddhism Nepal India
1801 William Henry Seward (New York-born Politician; Secretary of State in the Lincoln Administration) William Seward Alaska U.S. Government Abraham Lincoln
1804 Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (Massachusetts-born Educator; Opened First U.S. English-language Kindergarten) Elizabeth Palmer Peabody Educators of Note Kindergarten
Edmund Kirby Smith (Florida-born Confederate General) Edmund Kirby Smith American Civil War
1840 James Milton Turner (Missouri-born African-American Civil Rights Leader and Diplomat) Liberia Missouri Political and Social Leaders Religion African American Political and Social Leaders
1897 Bolívar Pagán (Puerto Rican Lawyer, Politician, Writer) Bolívar Pagán Law and Legal Resources Latin-American Studies
1929 John Conyers (Detroit-born African-American Member of the U.S. Congress) Detroit Political and Social Leaders African American Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress African American Registry
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1277 Pope John XXI (Portuguese-born Catholic Pope) Portuguese Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes
1862 Joseph Lewis Hogg (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Leaders American Civil War University of Georgia
1939 Charlotte Makgomo Maxeke (First Black South-African Female to Graduate from an American University) South African Political and Social Leaders South African History
1965 Wing Luke (First Asian-American Member of the Seattle, Washington City Council) Chinese Political and Social Leaders Washington Political and Social Leaders Asian-American Heritage History Link
1648 The 8th Expedition of Immigrants Arrives at the Swedish Colony in Wilmington, Delaware Sweden Wilmington, Delaware Immigration State of Delaware
1717 Voltaire Imprisoned in Bastille for Insulting the State with His Satire Voltaire Law and Legal Resources The History Channel Writer's Almanac
1770 Marie Antoinette (14) Marries Future King Louis XVI (15) France The History Channel
1777 Button Gwinnett, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Is Mortally Wounded in a Duel English Political and Social Leaders Georgia Political and Social Leaders Declaration of Independence History Channel University of Georgia
1843 Two Ships of the Texas Navy Win a Decisive Victory Against Mexico Mexico Republic of Texas War Naval Military History Texas State Historical Society
1861 Kentucky House of Representatives Votes for Civil War Neutrality Kentucky American Civil War Harper's Weekly
1862 President Lincoln Transmits to Congress an Indian Treaty for Kansas Kansas U.S. Congress President Abraham Lincoln Native American Heritage Historic American Documents Lincoln Papers
1863 Grant Defeats Confederates at Champion's Hill, MS Mississippi Ulysses S. Grant American Civil War The History Channel
U.S. Schooner Two Sisters Captures the Confederate Schooner Oliver S. Breese Off the Florida Keys Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1864 U.S.S. Somerset Captures 6 Boats, 4 Prisoners and Ammunition Near Apalachicola, Florida Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1868 Congress Fails by One Vote to Convict President Johnson U.S. Congress Impeachment of Andrew Johnson Presidential Impeachment History Channel New York Times
1898 The 12th, 13th, and 14th Regiments of the Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Depart for Training Minnesota Military Figures Spanish-American War Minnesota Historical Society
1918 U.S. Congress Passes Sedition Act U.S. Congress World War I History Channel
1920 Joan of Arc Is Canonized by the Catholic Church Joan of Arc Catholicism New York Times
1943 In Warsaw, Poland, the Nazis Bring the Uprising Under Control in the Jewish Ghetto Poland Nazi Germany Jewish Ghetto Uprising World War II History Channel BBC
British Bombers Destroy Two German Dams in the Ruhr Valley Great Britain Nazi Germany Dams World War II History Channel
1960 Khrushchev & Eisenhower Trade Angry Barbs at Paris Summit Paris Nikita Khrushchev Dwight Eisenhower The Cold War The History Channel
1969 The South African Bureau of State Security (BOSS) Is Established South African Government South African History
$50M U.S. Atomic Submarine Guitarro Sinks at Dockside Undergoing Final Fitting in San Francisco, California San Francisco, California Submarines Nuclear Weapons Learn California
1974 Israeli Planes Bomb Palestinian Refugee Camps in Southern Lebanon, Killing at Least 27 Lebanon Israel Aviation Military History Death BBC
1977 South Africa's Government Banishes Winnie Mandela to Brandfort South African Government Nelson Mandela South African History
1988 Supreme Court Rules Trash May be Searched Without Warrant U.S. Supreme Court Constitutional Law Civil Rights Oyez
1991 Queen Elizabeth II Is the First British Monarch to Address Congress Great Britain U.S. Congress Queen Elizabeth II Historic Firsts New York Times
1992 Second Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA II) Ends in a Deadlock South African Government South African History
1995 Japanese Arrest Cult Leader for Nerve-gas Attack on Tokyo's Subways Tokyo, Japan Terrorism Crime New York Times
1997 President Mobutu Sese Seko Flees Zaire, Ending 32 Years of Autocratic Rule Democratic Republic of the Congo CNN

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