Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

AUGUST 27

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Moldova: Independence Day
(Observed since 1991 declaration of independence from the Soviet Union: 08/27/1991)
Moldova The Soviet Union U.S. Department of State
1796 Sophia Smith (Massachusetts-born Philanthropist; Founder of Smith College) Massachusetts Political & Social Leaders Philanthropy Educators of Note American Female Social Leaders Smith College
1809 Hannibal Hamlin (Governor of Maine; U.S. Senator from Maine; Vice President of the United States for Abraham Lincoln) Maine Political & Social Leaders United States Senate Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency
1865 Charles Dawes (Ohio-born Vice-President of the United States to Calvin Coolidge; 1925 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Ohio Political & Social Leaders President Calvin Coolidge The American Presidency 1925 Nobel Laureate for Peace
1879 Robert Lee Vann (North Carolina-born Journalist, Lawyer, Politician, Civil Rights Activist, Editor) North Carolina Political & Social Leaders Journalism Law & Legal Resources Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1908 Lyndon Baines Johnson (Texas-born 36th President of the United States) Texas Political & Social Leaders Lyndon Johnson The American Presidency
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1590 Pope Sixtus II (Italian-born Roman Catholic Pope) Italian Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes Chambers Book of Days
1979 Lord Louis Mountbatten (Member of the British Royal Family Killed by the Irish Republican Army) British Political and Social Leaders Ireland British Monarchy Terrorism BBC
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1856 Abraham Lincoln Speaks in Kalamazoo, Michigan Campaigning for Republican Presidential Nominee John C. Fremont Kalamazoo, Michigan John C. Fremont Abraham Lincoln Politics State of Michigan
1858 Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas Hold Their Second Debate in Freeport, Illinois Freeport, Illinois Stephen Douglas Lincoln - Douglas Debates Lincoln Logs
1894 The U.S. Congress Passes the First Graduated Income Tax as Part of the Wilson-Gormann Tariff U.S. Congress Taxes Historic Firsts History Channel
1916 Romania Declares War on Austria-Hungary, Formally Entering World War I Romania Austria Hungary World War I History Channel
1923 Irish Free State Holds First Elections Following Independence from Britain Great Britain Ireland Voting European History Elections Ireland
1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact Is Signed Renouncing War as an Instrument of Policy Pact of Paris/Kellogg-Briand Pact War World History New York Times
1941 Prince Fumimaro Konoye, Prime Minister of Japan, Requests Summit with FDR Japan President Franklin Roosevelt World War II History Channel
1945 U.S. Troops Begin Landing in Japan Following the Surrender of the Japanese Government Japan World War II New York Times
1979 Britain's Lord Louis Mountbatten Is Killed by Irish Republican Army (IRA) Bomb Planted on a Boat British Political and Social Leaders Ireland British Monarchy Terrorism Death BBC
18 British Soldiers Die in Two Bomb Attacks Near the Border with the Irish Republic Great Britain Ireland Terrorism Death BBC
1982 A Turkish Military Attache Is Assassinated in Canada by Armenian Extremists Turkey Canada Armenia Terrorism Death Television News Archive
1985 General Ibrahim Babangida Overthrows Nigeria's Buhari Regime Nigeria War African History Television News Archive
1986 South African Protest in Support of Rent Boycott Turns into a Riot with 12 Dead South Africa Human Rights/Civil Rghts Death South African History
1987 Mutinous Soldiers Fail to Overthrow the Philippines' Aquino Government Republic of the Philippines War Television News Archive
1991 Moldova Declares Independence from the Soviet Union Moldova The Soviet Union Cold War Country Studies
1995 700-year-old Wreckage of the Magor Pill Is Raised from Wales' Severn Estuary Wales Great Britain Naval History BBC

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