Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

SEPTEMBER 12

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Maryland: Defenders' Day
(Commemorates militia victory at Battle of North Point during the War of 1812: 9/12/1814)
Battle of North Point War of 1812 Baltimore County Public Library
1492 Lorenzo di Medici (Florentine Ruler: 1513-9) Lorenzo di Medici New York Times
1494 Francis I, King of France (1515-47) French Political and Social Leaders
1708 Jonathan Bryan (South Carolina-born Businessman, Statesman; Namesake of Bryan County, Georgia) South Carolina Poltical and Social Leaders Georgia Poltical and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1829 Alexander Stewart (Canadian-American Member of the U.S. Congress from Wisconsin) Canadian Poltical and Social Leaders Wisconsin Poltical and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
1859 Florence Kelly (Pennsylvania-born African-American Social Reformist/Rights Activist) Pennsylvania Poltical and Social Leaders Community & Human Services African American Registry
1883 Theodore Christianson (21st Governor of Minnesota: 1925-1931) Minnesota Political and Social Leader Minnesota Historical Society
1891 Don Pedro Albizu Campos (Puerto Rican Independence Activist) Don Pedro Albizu Campos Activist for Puerto Rican Independence Hispanic Political and Social Leaders
1898 Giuseppe Saragat (Founder of the Socialist Party of Italian Workers) Italian Political and Social Leaders Labor
1924 Amilcar Cabral (Father of Modern African Nationalism in Guinea-Bissau and the Cape Verde Islands) Amilcar Cabral
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1937 Ruffin G. Pleasant (Governor of Louisiana: 1916-1920) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders
1977 Steven Biko (South African Civil Rights/Human Rights Activist) Apratheid Rights History Channel New York Times BBC
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1777 The British 71st Regiment, Fraser's Highlanders, Captures Delaware's Governor Along with State Monies and Records Great Britain Delaware Revolutionary War State of Delaware
1814 3,000 Militia Repel Advance of 9,000 British Troops to Baltimore Maryland War of 1812 Baltimore County Public Library
1844 Texas' Castro Colony Holds First Election Texas Elections Texas State Historical Association
1863 Three Federal Ships Capture Confederate Steamer Alabama in Gulf of Mexico Naval History American Civil War Florida State Historical Association
U.S.S. Stars and Stripes Attacks Confederate Steamer Spray Captures 2 Sailors Florida Naval History American Civil War Florida State Historical Association
Episcopal Bishop, the Right Reverend Alfred Lee, Officiates the Opening of Trinity Chapel at Fort Delaware Fort Delaware Forts Religion American Civil War State of Delaware
1918 General Pershing and the AEF Initiate the Saint-Mihiel Offensive France World War I Library of Congress
British Troops Retake Havincourt, Moeuvres, and Trescault World War I
1938 Adolf Hitler Demands Self-determination for the Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia Czech Republic Slovakia Adolph Hitler Nazi Germany New York Times
1940 The SS Quanza, a Portuguese Vessel Carrying 80 Jewish Refugees Fleeing Nazi-occupied Europe, Docks at Norfolk, Virginia Nazi Germany Portugal Norfolk, Virginia Judaism Immigration Virginia Historical Society
1942 German U-boat Sinks British Troop Ship Laconia World War II Naval History History Channel
1944 U.S. Troops Enter Germany for the First Time Near Trier Nazi Germany World War II New York Times
5th U.S. Armored Division Liberates Luxembourg (Sep 10-12) Luxembourg World War II Luxembourg Office of Tourism
1953 Nikita Khrushchev Elected First Communist Party Secretary Nikita Khrushchev The Soviet Union CNN
Senator John F. Kennedy Marries Jacqueline Lee Bouvier John F. Kennedy New York Times
1970 Palestinian Militants Blow Up Three Planes At Jordanian Airfield Jordan Aviation Terrorism BBC
1974 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie Deposed & Replaced by Military Council Known as the Derg Ethiopia U.S. State Department
1977 South African Student Leader Steven Biko Dies in Prison Apratheid Rights History Channel New York Times BBC
1990 Allied Powers Clear the Way for German Reunification Germany Fall of Soviet Communism History Channel
1992 Police in Peru Capture Abimael Guzman, Founder of Shining Path Rebel Group Peru CNN
1997 Scots Vote for "Home Rule" Scotland Voting BBC
1999 Indonesia Agrees to Allow International Peacekeepers to Restore Order to East Timor Indonesia East Timor War New York Times
2001 President Bush Labels 9/11 Terrorist Attacks ''Acts of War'' Terrorist Attacks of 9/11 President George W. Bush Terrorism CNN
2002 President Bush Tells United Nations to Confront Iraq or State Aside United Nations Iraq President George W. Bush Terrorism CNN
When an Air Portugal Airliner Fails to Obey Air Traffic Control Instructions, Fighter Jets Escort It to Dover, Delaware Air Force Base Portugal Delaware Aviation History Terrorism State of Delaware

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