Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

OCTOBER 1

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China: National Day
(Observed annually on this date to celebrate the founding of the Communist Peoples Republic of China 10/01/1949)
China: National Day
Cyprus: Independence Day
(Commemoration of independence from Great Britain 10/01/1960)
Cyprus Great Britain U.S. Department of State
Nigeria: Independence Day
(Commemoration of independence from Great Britain 10/01/1960)
Nigeria Great Britain U.S. Department of State
Palau: Independence
(Commemoration of the compact of free association with the United States 10/01/1994)
Palau United States U.S. Department of State
San Marino: Investiture of Captains Regent
(Head-of-state rotation - every 6 months)
San Marino Expedia
Tuvalu: Independence Days (Day 1 of 2)
(Commemoration of independence from Great Britain 10/01/1978)
Tuvalu Great Britain
1207 Henry III (King of England) English Political and Social Leaders English Royalty Historic UK
1730 Richard Stockton (New Jersey-born Signer of the Declaration of Independence) Richard Stockton Declaration of Independence
1781 James Lawrence (New Jersey-born Naval Office Known for His Dying Words, "Don't give up the ship.") New Jersey Military Figures Naval Military History War of 1812
1831 Claudius C. Wilson (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War
1835 Robert H. Anderson (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War
1847 Annie Besant (English Social Reformer, Theosophist Responsible for Introducing Hindu Religion and Culture to Europe) English Political and Social Leaders Hinduism European History
1923 Pixley Isaka Seme (Founding Member of South Africa's African National Congress (ANC)) South African Political and Social Leaders South African History
1923 John H. Bradley (Wisconsin-born Marine Who Helped Raise the American Flag on Iwo Jima) Wisconsin Military Figures Battle for Iwo Jima Wisconsin Historical Society
1924 Jimmy Carter (Georgia-born 39th President of the United States; 2002 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Jimmy Carter The American Presidency 2002 Nobel Laureate for Peace
William Rehnquist (Wisconsin-born Chief Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) William Rehnquist U.S. Supreme Court Law and Legal Resources
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1864 Rose O'Neal Greenhow (Maryland-born Confederate Spy) Rose O'Neal Greenhow American Civil War
1910 Napoleon Bonaparte Broward (19th Governor of Florida: 1905-1909) Florida Political and Social Leaders Florida Historical Society
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331 B.C. Alexander the Great Defeats the Persians at the battle of Gaugamela Alexander the Great Iran World History Eyewitness to History
1273 Rudolf of Hapsburg Elected Emperor in Germany German Political and Social Leaders European History Catholic Encyclopedia
1664 Two British Ships Seize Wilmington, Delaware from the Dutch Without Resistance and Capture Fort Casimir in New Castle Great Britain The Netherlands Wilmington, Delaware Colonial Delaware Forts Naval Military History State of Delaware
1776 The French Commit to Provide Weapons to American Patriots France American Revolution History Channel
1791 France's National Legislative Assembly Convenes for the First Time France Encyclopedia Britannica
1800 Spain Secretly Cedes the Louisiana Territory Back to France with the Treaty of San Ildefonso Spain France The Louisiana Territory Napoleon.org Louisiana Secretary of State
1834 The Plat of New Boston, Illinois, Surveyed by Abraham Lincoln, Is Filed with the Warren County Recorder New Boston, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1837 The Texas General Land Office Opens in Houston Houston, Texas Texas State  Historical Association
1858 Abraham Lincoln Speaks for Two Hours in the Pittsfield, Illinois Town Square Pittsfield, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1859 Abraham Lincoln Speaks in Beloit and Janesville, Wisconsin Wisconsin Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1906 Finland Is the First Country to Give Women the Right to Vote Finland Women Women's Suffrage Historic Firsts Women of Finland's Parliament
1918 Max von Baden Takes Office as the New German Chancellor German Political and Social Leaders World War I History Channel
Combined Arab and British Forces Captures Damascus From the Turks Syria Turkey Great Britain World War I History Channel
War Parade and Rally Are Held in Atlanta, Georgia Atlanta, Georgia World War I University of Georgia
1936 General Francisco Franco Is Proclaimed the Head of an Insurgent Spanish State Francisco Franco History Channel
1937 President Franklin Roosevelt Tours Washington's Olympic Peninsula Washington Franklin Roosevelt HistoryLink
1938 German Troops Move Into the Sudetenland Nazi Germany Czech Republic Slovakia World War II European History Spartacus
1943 Allied Forces Occupy Naples, Italy Italy World War II U.S. Army
1946 Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal Issues Death Sentences for Convicted Nazis Nazi Germany World War II Nuremberg War Crimes Trials History Channel
1949 Mao Zedong Declares the Founding of the People's Republic of China in a Beijing Ceremony Mao Zedong People's Republic of China History Channel Asian History
1951 Ottawa's Dr. Charlotte Whitton Is Canada's First Full-Time Woman Mayor Ottawa, Canada Women Historic Firsts Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
1960 Nigeria Gains Independence from Great Britain Nigeria Great Britain British Government
1961 South Vietnam Requests a Bilateral Defense Treaty with the United States Vietnam President John Kennedy Vietnam War History Channel
1965 Indonesia's Army Crushes a Communist Coup Against President Sukarno Indonesian Political And Social Leaders History Channel
1967 Indonesian Youths Storm the Chinese Embassy in Jakarta Indonesia China Asian History
1970 Dozens Are Crushed to Death in Cairo as Millions of Egyptians Mourn the Death of President Abdel Nasser Egyptian Political and Social Leaders Death BBC
1978 Tuvalu Gains Independence from Great Britain Tuvalu Great Britain British Government
1985 Israeli Air Force Bombs Palestinian Liberation Organization Tunis Headquarters Palestine Israel Tunisia War on Terrorism
1986 The Jimmy Carter Presidential Library and Museum Is Dedicated in Atlanta, Georgia Atlanta, Georgia President Jimmy Carter Jimmy Carter Presidential Library and Museum New York Times
1988 Mikhail Gorbachev Becomes Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev History Channel
1989 Thousands of East Germans Are Allowed to Travel to West Germany Germany Soviet Union The Cold War New York Times
1991 President George H.W. Bush Condemns the Military Coup in Haiti, Suspending Economic and Military Aid Haiti President George H.W. Bush International Trade New York Times
1992 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty Is Approved by U.S. Senate 93-6 Arms Control U.S. Senate Federation of American Scientists
Nigerian Independence Day Celebrations Are Canceled to Mourn the Death of 160 Military Officers in an Air Disaster Nigeria Air Disasters South African History
1994 Palau Compact of Free Association Goes into Effect with the United States Palau The United States U.S. Department of the Interior
1995 Ten Terrorists Are Convicted of Conspiring to Bomb the World Trade Center, the FBI and United Nations Headquarters in New York City New York City Terrorism Law & Legal Resources Court TV
1996 Grand Jury Indicts Unabomber Suspect Theodore Kaczynski Crime Terrorism Law & Legal Resources New York Times
2001 The U.S. Supreme Court Suspends Former President Clinton from Practicing Before the Court U.S. Supreme Court President Bill Clinton Law & Legal Resources New York Times
A Pakistan-based Militant Group Attacks the State Legislature in Indian-ruled Kashmir, Killing 38 People Pakistan India Terrorism Death New York Times
2005 Suicide Bombers Kill 2 People and Injure 50 More on the Indonesian Island of Bali Indonesia Terrorism Death History Channel BBC
2009 7.6 Magnitude Earthquake Kills Hundreds in Indonesia Indonesia Earthquake Death USGS National Public Radio

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