Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return


1780 William Woodbridge (Connecticut-born Michigan Governor and U.S. Senator) Connecticut Political and Social Leaders Michigan Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate State of Michigan
1844 Friedrich Nietzsche (German Philosopher) Friedrich Nietzsche Philosophy
1872 Edith Bolling Galt Wilson (Virginia-born Wife of President Woodrow Wilson) Edith Bolling Galt Wilson Woodrow Wilson The American Presidency
1880 Frank Aydelotte (Indiana-born Educator) Indiana Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Swarthmore College
1844 Friedrich Nietzsche (German Philosopher) Friedrich Nietzsche Philosophy
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1880 Victorio (Chiricahua Apache Leader Killed South of El Paso, Texas) Texas Apache Indians Native-American Studies Westward Expansion History Channel
1889 Edward Aylsworth Perry (Massachusetts-born 14th Governor of Florida: 1885-1889) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders Florida Political and Social Leaders American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1917 Margaretha Geertruida Zelle (Dutch Exotic Dancer Known as Mata Hari: Executed in France for Spying) The Netherlands France War Crimes World War I History Channel
1945 Pierre Laval (Premier of Vichy France Executed for German Collaboration) France Nazi Germany War Crimes World War II History Channel
1946 Herman Goering (Nazi Commander-in-Chief of the German Luftwaffe: Suicide) Herman Goering World War II War Crimes Death History Channel
1582 Italy, France, Spain & Portugal Adopt the Gregorian Calendar France Italy Portugal Spain Gregorian Calendar
1780 1,000 British Regulars, Hessians, Loyalists and Indians Launch a Failed Attack Upon Middleburgh, New York Great Britain Middleburgh, New York Native American Heritage American Revolution History Channel
1800 Spain Transfers the Louisiana Territory to France Spain France Louisiana Purchase Minnesota Historical Society
1825 New York Governor DeWitt Clinton's party Leaves Albany on the Erie Canal Erie Canal Buffalo Free Net
1858 The 7th and Final Lincoln-Douglas Debate Takes Place in Alton, Illinois Alton, Illinois Lincoln-Douglas Debates Lincoln Logs
1860 Child's Letter Suggests Lincoln Grow a Beard to Improve His Appearance Abraham Lincoln New York Times
1864 President Lincoln Attends the Funeral Service for Chief Justice Taney U.S. Supreme Court President Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1880 Chiricahua Apache Leader Victorio Is Killed South of El Paso, Texas Texas Apache Indians Native-American Studies Westward Expansion Death History Channel
1882 U.S. Supreme Court Declares the Civil Rights Act of 1875 Unconstitutional U.S. Supreme Court Civil Rights U.S. Constitution Law and Legal Resources African American Heritage
1909 In Albuquerque, New Mexico, President William Howard Taft Gets in a Sharp Debate with Residents Who Are Rallying for Statehood Albuquerque,  New Mexico President William Howard Taft New Mexico Magazine
1915 U.S. Banks Provide $5M War Loan to the British & French Great Britain France World War I Business & Economics History Channel
1917 French Execute Dutch-born Margaretha Geertruida Zelle (Mata Hari) for Spying The Netherlands France World War I War Crimes Death History Channel
1941 With Nazi Troops Only 60 Miles Away, Moscow's Elite Flee the City NAZI Germany Soviet Union World War II Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1943 Texas Native, Ira Eaker, Is Given Command of Both American Air Forces in England England Texas Military Figures World War II Aviation Military History Texas State Historical Association
1945 Vichy French Premier Pierre Laval Is Executed for German Collaboration France NAZI Germany World War II War Crimes Death History Channel
1946 Nazi Leader Herman Goering Kills Himself in Prison with Cyanide Herman Goering World War II War Crimes Death History Channel
1948 Future President Gerald Ford Marries Elizabeth Anne ("Betty") Bloomer President Gerald Ford American Presidency History Channel
1949 The Chinese Communist Party's People's Liberation Army Moves into Guangzhou (Canton) Without Resistance China Asian History
1950 Truman & MacArthur Meet on Wake Island to Discuss the Korean War Harry Truman Douglas MacArthur Korean War Asian History
1952 Japan's National Police Reserve Is Reorganized as the National Security Force Japan Asian History
1964 Leonid Brezhnev Chosen to Replace Nikita S. Khrushchev as Leader of the Soviet Union Soviet Union Political and Social Leaders Leonid Brezhnev New York Times BBC
1966 President Johnson Signs Bill Creating the U.S. Department of Transportation Lyndon Johnson U.S. Government Offices & Agencies New York Times
President Johnson Signs Legislation Creating Guadalupe Mountains National Park Texas President Lyndon Johnson National park Service Texas State Historical Association
The U.S. Coast Guard Is Transferred from the Treasury Department to the Department of Transportation. U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Coast Guard U.S. Treasury
1969 Peace Activists Demonstrate Across the United States Vietnam War History Channel BBC
1976 Mondale & Dole Participate in First-ever Vice-Presidential Candidate Debate Politics & Elections Historic Firsts Commission on Presidential Debates
1984 The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center Establishes a Facility to Train Indian Tribal Police Federal Law Enforcement Training Center Native American Heritage Law Enforcement U.S. Treasury
1986 Edward J. Perkins First African-American Ambassador to South Africa. South Africa Ronald Reagan U.S. Government African-American History
1989 President de Klerk Frees Imprisoned African National Congress (ANC) Members F.W. de Klerk South African History
1990 Mikhail Gorbachev Is Selected to Receive the Nobel Peace Prize Mikhail Gorbachev 1990 Nobel Peace Prize History Channel
South Africa Repeals Separate Amenities Act (barring blacks from facilities) South Africa New York Times
1991 The U.S. Senate Confirms Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court, 52-48 Georgia Poltiical and Social Leaders U.S. Senate U.S. Supreme Court African-American Poltiical and Social Leaders History Channel University of Georgia
1993 F.W. de Klerk & Nelson Mandela Are Chosen for the Nobel Peace Prize F.W. de Klerk Nelson Mandela 1993 Nobel Peace Prize New York Times
2001 Office of Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle Opens Anthrax-tainted Letter U.S. Congress War on Terrorism Anthrax CNN

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