Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

OCTOBER 16

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1885 David Ben-Gurion (Polish-born Statesman, First Prime Minister of Israel: 1948-53, 1955-63) David Ben-Gurion Israeli Political and Social Leaders
1890 Michael Collins (Irish Revolutionary Leader, Statesman) Irish Political and Social Leaders
1898 William O. Douglas (Minnesota-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court: 1939 - 1975) William O. Douglas U.S. Supreme Court
1922 Leon Sullivan (West Virginia-born African-American Civil Rights Activist, Opponent of South African Apartheid) Leon Sullivan U.S. Civil Rights Famous African Americans
1931 Charles Colson (Massachusetts-born Member of President Nixon's White House Staff, Watergate Co-conspirator) Massachusetts Richard Nixon The Watergate Affair
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1591 Pope Gregory XIV (Italian-born Roman Catholic Pope) Italian Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes
1793 Marie Antoinette (Austrian-born Queen of France: Beheaded) Marie Antoinette French Political and Social Leaders French Revolution History Channel
1881 Louis Wiltz (Governor of Louisiana: 1880-81) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders
1939 Charlotte Makgomo Maxeke (South African Teacher, Social Worker, Politician) South African Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note South African History
1946 Alfred Rosenberg (Estonia-born Nazi Propagandist: Executed) Alfred Rsoenberg Nazi Germany Propaganda Capital Punishment History Channel
1972 Hale Boggs (Mississippi-born Louisiana Congressman; Airplane Crash in Alaska) Mississippi Political and Social Leaders Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Alaska Air Disasters U.S. Congress
2000 Mel Carnahan (Governor of Missouri: Killed in Plane Crash) Missouri Political and Social Leaders Air Disasters Death National Transportation Safety Board (pdf)
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1443 Attempt to Usurp the Japanese Throne Is Unsuccessful Japanese Government Asian History
1555 Protestant Bishops Nicholas Ridley and Hugh Latimer, English Reformers and Martyrs, Are Burned at the Stake English History British Monarchy Religion Death Concordia
1649 The Colony of Maine Passes Legislation Granting Religious Freedom to All of Its Citizens Maine Colonial America Law and Legal Resources Religion Concordia
1773 Philadelphia Resolutions Criticize Tea Act Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Colonial Pennsylvania American Revolution History Channel
1793 Marie-Antoinette Is Beheaded Marie Antoinette French Political and Social Leaders French Revolution Death History Channel
1804 William Dunbar and George Hunter Begin an Exploration of Arkansas's Hot Springs as Ordered by President Thomas Jefferson Hot Springs, Arkansas President Thomas Jefferson Explorers of North America Arkansas History Commission
1826 Potawatomi Indians Agree to Mississinewa Treaty Ceding Land for Indiana's Michigan Road Indiana Potawatomi Indians Historic Documents Kokomo-Howard County Public Library Indiana Historical Society
1854 In Peoria, Abraham Lincoln Denounces Slavery and the Kansas-Nebraska Act in Debate with Douglas Peoria, Illinois Kansas-Nebraska Act Abraham Lincoln Slavery History Channel Lincoln Library
1859 John Brown Leads a Raid on Harpers Ferry Arsenal John Brown Abolition Concordia Library of Congress History Channel African American Registry Virginia Historical Society
1901 Booker T. Washington Is the First African American to Dine at the White House with an American President The White House President Theodore Roosevelt Booker T. Washington Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1902 England's First Prison for Young Offenders Is Opened at Borstal in Kent Borstal, Kent Child Advocacy Prisons Historic Firsts Historic UK
1908 At Farnsborough, American Sam Cody Makes First Powered Airplane Flight in England England Aviation Historic Firsts Farnsborough Air Show
1909 U.S. President William Howard Taft Meets Mexico's President Porfirio Díaz Met in El Paso and Ciudad Juárez Mexican Political and Social Leaders El Paso, Texas President William Howard Taft Historic Firsts Texas State historical Society
1916 British Soldier Henry Farr Is Executed for Cowardice Great Britain World War I Capital Punishment Death History Channel
1917 Alabamian Kelley Ingram Is the First American Serviceman Killed in Action During World War I Alabama Military Figures World War I Death Historic Firsts Alabama State Archives
1934 Chinese Communists Begin Their Epic 368-day, 6,000-mile "Long March": The Long March History Channel Asian History
1940 The First Peace Time Draft in U.S. History Is Initiated World War II Historic Firsts History Link
Ernest Lynch of Lewes Is the First Man from Delaware Drafted into Service for World War II Lewes, Delaware World War II Historic Firsts State of Delaware
1941 The Ukrainian Seaport of Odessa Surrenders to Axis Forces Ukraine NAZI Germany World War II United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
1946 Ten High-Ranking Nazi Officials Are Hanged in Nuremberg, Germany for Crimes Against Humanity Nuremberg, Germany Nazi Germany Nuremberg War Crimes Trial Capital Punishment History Channel
1956 William J. Brennan, Jr. Is Sworn In As Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court New Jersey Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1962 President Kennedy First Learns of Missiles in Cuba Cuban Missile Crisis President John Kennedy Cold War New York Times
1963 From Cape Canaveral, Florida, Twin "Vela Hotel" Satellites Are Launched to Detect Nuclear Explosions in Space Cape Canaveral, Florida Space Exploration Nuclear Weapons Cold War Florida Historical Society
1964 China Detonates a Nuclear Device to Become the Fifth Nuclear Power China Nuclear Weapons Cold War World History History Channel New York Times Asian History
1968 Tommie Smith & John Carlos Stage Black Power Protest at Olympic Games Mexico 1968 Summer Olympic Games U.S. Civil Rights African-American Heritage African American Registry New York Times
1970 Anwar Sadat Is Elected President of Egypt Anwar Sadat Elections New York Times
Canada Responds to FLQ Terrorism by Invoking War Measures Front de Liberation du Québec War on Terrorism Canadian National Library and Archives
1972 The Airplane of Louisiana Congressman Hale Boggs Is Reported Missing over Alaska Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Alaska U.S. Congress Air Disasters Louisiana Secretary of State
1973 Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho Are Selected as Nobel Laureates for Peace Henry Kissinger Le Duc Tho Vietnam War 1973 Nobel Peace Prize History Channel
Maynard Jackson Becomes the First African-American Mayor of Atlanta Georgia Political and Social Leaders African-American History Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1974 Prisoners Riot, Set Fire to Maze Prison in Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Prisons BBC
1975 NASA Launches GOES-1 Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite Space Exploration Earth & Environmental Science NASA
1978 Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla Selected as First Non-Italian Pope Since 1523 Polish Political and social Leaders Pope John Paul II Catholicism BBC
1984 South African Bishop, Desmond Tutu, Is Chosen for the Nobel Peace Prize Desmond Tutu Catholicism 1984 Nobel Peace Prize Concordia South African History
1994 Germany's Helmut Kohl Re-elected to Fourth Term as Chancellor Helmut Kohl Elections FairVote.com
Kiro Gligorov Is Elected President of the Republic of Macedonia Macedonia Bates College
1995 Nation of Islam Million Man March Is Held in Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. African-American Studies Islam African American Registry
1996 A Stampede of Soccer Fans Kills 84 in Guatemala City Guatemala Soccer Death History Channel
1998 Two Northern Ireland Politicians Selected for the Nobel Peace Prize for Brokering Peace Agreement Northern Ireland Poltical and Social Leaders 1998 Nobel Peace Prize PBS
British Police Arrest Former Chilean Dictator Augusto Pinochet in London Augusto Pinochet London, England Crime Human Rights Watch
Typhoon Zeb Kills 25 People on the Island of Taiwan Taiwan Hurricanes & Typhoons Death USA Today
1999 7.1 Magnitude Earthquake Derails an Amtrak Train in California California Earthquake Railroads Amtrak USGS
2000 Missouri Governor Mel Carnahan and His Son Are Killed in a Plane Crash South of St. Louis Missouri Political and Social Leaders Air Disasters Death National Transportation Safety Board (pdf)
2002 President George W. Bush Signs Congressional Resolution Authorizing War Against Iraq Iraq President George W. Bush Iraq War C-SPAN

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