Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

OCTOBER 19

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Niue: National Day
(Commemorates the Niue Constitution Act of 1974 Granting Self-Governance: Effective 10/19/1974)
Niue New Zealand New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs
1748 Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson (Virginia-born Wife of U.S. President Thomas Jefferson) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson The American Presidency
1858 Alice M. Birney (Georgia-born Founder of the PTA) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Education National PTA University of Georgia
1859 Byrd Prillerman (West Virginia-born African-American Educator) West Viriginia Political and Social Leaders Education African American Political and Social Leaders West Virginia Division of Culture and History
1936 Johnetta Betsch Cole (Florida-born African-American Educator) Johnetta Cole Education African American Political and Social Leaders
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1790 Lyman Hall (Connecticut-born Signer of the Declaration of Independence) Connecticut Political & Social Leaders Declaration of Independence University of Georgia
1983 Maurice Bishop (Prime Minister of Grenada: Assassination) Grenada Death BBC
1986 Samora Machel (President of Mozambique: Plane Crash) Samora Machel Air Disasters BBC
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1781 Revolutionary War Ends: Cornwallis Surrenders to Washington in Yorktown, VA Charles Cornwallis George Washington Cornwallis' Surrender Library of Congress
1789 John Jay Sworn In As the First Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court John Jay U.S. Supreme Court Historic Firsts Oyez
1812 French Troops under Napoleon Bonaparte Begin Their Retreat from Moscow Russia France Napoleon Bonaparte War The New York Times
1813 Napoleon Is Decisively Defeated at Leipzig Germany France Napoleon Bonaparte War Britannica
1842 Erroneously Believing the U.S. to be at War with Mexico, U.S. Commodore Thomas Catesby Jones Forces the Surrender of Alta California Mexico California Mexican-American War LearnCalifornia
1864 Jubal Early's Confederates Decisively Defeated at Cedar Creek, Virginia Virginia Battle at Cedar Creek The History Channel
Future U.S. Senator from Delaware, Henry A. du Pont, Earns a Congressional Medal of Honor at Ceder Creek, Virginia Delaware Military Figures Virginia U.S. Congress Battle at Cedar Creek Congressional Medal of Honor State of Delaware
Confederates Raid St. Albans, Vermont from Canada Canada Vermont Battle at St. Albans The History Channel
1864 Jubal Early's Confederates Decisively Defeated at Cedar Creek, Virginia Virginia Battle at Cedar Creek The History Channel
Future U.S. Senator from Delaware, Henry A. du Pont, Earns a Congressional Medal of Honor at Ceder Creek, Virginia Delaware Military Figures Virginia U.S. Congress Battle at Cedar Creek Congressional Medal of Honor State of Delaware
Confederates Raid St. Albans, Vermont from Canada Canada Vermont Battle at St. Albans The History Channel
1915 Italy and Russia Declare War on Bulgaria Italy Russia Bulgaria War Brigham Young University
1943 Chinese and Suluks Revolt Against Japanese Occupiers in North Borneo Japan China Malaysia World War II The History Channel
1950 United Nations Forces Enter North Korean Capital of Pyongyang The United Nations North Korea The Korean War The New York Times
1951 President Truman Signs Act Formally Ending State of War with Germany Germany President Harry Truman World War II The New York Times
1953 President Eisenhower, Mexican President Cortines Dedicate International Falcon Reservoir Mexico President Dwight Eisenhower Official Website Texas State Historical Association
1958 The World's Fair in Brussels, Belgium Closes Belgium The Cold War The History Channel
1969 VP Agnew States War Protesters Are ''an effete corps of impudent snobs'' President Richard Nixon Vietnam War The New York Times
1974 Niue Begins Self-governance in Accordance with the Niue Constitution Act Niue New Zealand New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs
1983 Prime Minister of Grenada, Maurice Bishop, Assassinated by the Armed Forces Grenada Death BBC
1994 Suicide Bomber Blows Up Israeli Bus: 22 die, 40+ wounded Israel War on Terrorism BBC
1994 Suicide Bomber Blows Up Israeli Bus: 22 die, 40+ wounded Israel War on Terrorism BBC
2001 U.S. Suffers First Casualties in Afghanistan Invasion Afghanistan War on Terrorism Death The New York Times
NJ Postal Worker, New York Post Employee Test Positive for Skin Anthrax U.S. Postal Service Disease War on Terrorism The New York Times
2004 Senior Aid Worker for Care International Is Kidnapped in Iraq Iraq Iraq War CARE BBC

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