Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return


Cambodia: King's Birthday
(Day 2 of 3-day observance of the birthday of King Norodom Sihanouk: 11/31/1922)
Slovenia, Germany (Protestants): Reformation Day
(Commemorates Martin Luther's posting of his 95 theses, 10/31/1517)
Martin Luther Slovenia Religion
Taiwan: Chiang Kai-Shek Day
(Observed to commemorate Chiang Kai-Shek's birth date: 10/31/1887)
1705 Clement XIV (Italian Roman Catholic Pope: 1769-74) Italian Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes Religion
1740 William Paca (Maryland-born Signer of the Declaration of Independence) Maryland Political and Social Leaders Declaration of Independence
1812 William Clark Becomes Governor of the Missouri Territory William Clark Missouri Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1860 Juliette Low (Georgia-born Founder of Girl Scouts of America) Juliette Low Girl Scouts of America
Andrew Volstead (Minnesota-born Congressman (1903-23) Who Introduced the National Prohibition Act) Minnesota Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Drugs
1863 William Gibbs McAdoo (Georgia-born Railroad Industrialist, Founder of the Federal Reserve, U.S. Congressman from California) Georgia Political and Social Leaders California Political and Social Leaders Railroads Federal Reserve U.S. Congress University of Georgia
1887 Chiang Kai-Shek (President of the Chinese Nationalist Government, 1928-49; Leader of Taiwan, 1949-75) Chiang Kai-Shek
1914 A Monument Is Dedicated to the Delaware Troops Who Spent the Winter of 1777-78 at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania with General Washington Valley Forge, Pennsylvania Delaware Military Figures George Washington Valley Forge State of Delaware
1922 King Norodom Sihanouk (King of Cambodia) Cambodia
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1819 Alexander Williams Randall (New York-born Governor of Wisconsin) New York Political and Social Leader Wisconsin Political and Social Leader Wisconsin Historical Society
1863 George Fulton (Pennsylvania-born Founder of Fulton, Texas) Pennyslvania Political and Social Leader Texas Political and Social Leader Texas State Historical Association
1882 George Ruby (New York-born African-American Texas Politician During Reconstruction) New York Political and Social Leader Texas Political and Social Leader Reconstruction African-American Political and Social Leader Texas State historical Association
1984 Indira Gandhi (Prime Minister of India: Assassinated) Indira Gandhi History Channel
2006 P.W. Botha (South African Leader of the Apartheid System) P.W. Botha Apartheid
1517 Martin Luther Nails His 95 Theses to Church Door in Wittenberg Martin Luther Religious Leaders Concordia History Channel
1731 Roman Catholic Archbishop Firmian Issues a Decree That Will Force 23,000 Protestants to Leave Salzburg, Austria Salzburg, Austria Religion Catholicism University of Georgia
1760 James Wight Arrives From England and Will Serve As the Last of Georgia's Royal Governors British Political and Social Leaders Georgia Colonial Georgia University of Georgia
1764 George Johnstone, the First Governor of British West Florida, Arrives in Pensacola British Political and Social Leaders Pensacola, Florida Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1789 George Washington Concludes a 10-Day Presidential Visit to Massachusetts Massachusetts George Washington Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1799 All Spanish and American Military Officers Are Ordered out of West Florida by William Augustus Bowles, the Caucasian Creek Chief Spain Military Figures Florida Creek Indians Florida Historical Society
1803 Congress Gives Jefferson Authority to Take Possession of the Territory of Louisiana U.S. Congress President Jefferson The Louisiana Purchase Yale University
1861 General Winfield Scott Retires As Union Commander Winfield Scott American Civil War History Channel
1864 U.S. Congress Admits Nevada as the 36th State Nevada United States Congress History Channel
1918 Armistice with Turkey Places Palestine under British Control Turkey Great Britain World War I Jewish Virtual Library
1922 Benito Mussolini Becomes Prime Minister of Italy Benito Mussolini Encyclopedia Britannica
1954 Algerian National Liberation Front (FLN) Revolt Begins Algeria France African-American Registry
1956 British & French Troops Land at the Suez Canal Great Britain France The Suez Canal The Cold War History Channel
1959 In Russia, Lee Harvey Oswald Expresses Wish to Renounce His U.S. Citizenship Soviet Union Lee Harvey Oswald National Archives
1961 Stalin's Body Is Removed from Lenin's Tomb Josef  Stalin History Channel
1968 President Johnson Announces Vietnam Bombing Halt Five Days Before Presidential Elections Lyndon Johnson The American Presidency The Vietnam War History Channel
1984 Prime Minister Indira Gandhi Is Assassinated by Her Own Sikh Bodyguards Indira Gandhi Death History Channel New York Times BBC
1992 Pope John Paul II Admits Church Made Errors in the Case of Galileo Galilei Pope John Paul II Galileo Roman Catholic Church University of  St. Andrews
1999 EgyptAir Flight 990 Crashed off Massachusetts Coast, All 217 People Aboard Die Egypt Massachusetts Death New York Times
2001 Microsoft and Justice Department Settle the Antitrust Case U.S. Government Microsoft Anti-Trust Law New York Times
2003 Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohammed, Steps Down after 22 Years Malaysian Political and Social Leaders BBC
2010 Dilma Rousseff Is Elected as Brazil's First Female President Brazilian Political and Social Leaders Elections Women Historic Firsts BBC

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