Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

NOVEMBER 12

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Azerbaijan: Constitution Day
(Commemorates the adoption of the Azerbaijan constitution 11/12/1995)
Azerbaijan U.S. Department of State Azerbaijan Tourism
1815 Elizabeth Cady Stanton (New York-born Women's Rights Activist) Elizabeth Cady Stanton Women Civil Rights/Human Rights
1817 Mirza Hoseyn 'Ali Nuri (Iranian Founder of the Baha'i Faith) Iranian Political and Social Leaders The Bahá'í Faith
1866 Sun Yat-sen (Leader of China's Republican Revolution) Sun Yat Sen
1908 Harry Blackmun (Illinois-born Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court: 1970-94) Harry Balckmun U.S. Supreme Court
1920 Betty Pack (South African Cellist, Music Teacher, Founder of the Young South African Chamber Orchestra) South African Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Music South African History
1930 Molly Blackburn (South African Political Activist, Civil Rights Campaigner) South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid Human Rights/Civil Rights South African History
1938 Stephen Vukile Tshwete (South African Activist, African National Congress Politician) South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid Human Rights/Civil Rights South African History
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1035 King Canute (Danish King of England) Denmark Political and Social Leaders English Political and Social Leaders British Monarchy Historic UK
1993 H.R. Haldeman (California-born Former White House Chief of Staff for President Nixon; Watergate co-Conspirator) California Political and Social Leaders The Watergate Scandal Crime Notorious Americans
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1813 In Canoes on the Alabama River, 3 Frontiersmen Defeat Nine Creek Indians in Hand-to-Hand Combat Alabama Native American Heritage War of 1812 Creek War Death Alabama State Archives
1862 The British Blockade Runner, Maria, Is Seized by the U.S.S. Kensington Off the Coast of Florida Great Britain Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1864 Union General William T. Sherman Orders the Destruction of the Atlanta, Georgia Business District Atlanta, Georgia Fall of Atlanta History Channel
General Sherman Orders the Destruction of All Railroads and Telegraph Lines Connecting Atlanta with Northwest Georgia Atlanta, Georgia Railroad Telegraph Fall of Atlanta University of Georgia
Confederate Cavalry Ward Off an Effort by a Union Raiding Party to Destroy Salt Works Near Florida's Tampa Bay Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1867 U.S. Officials Meet at Fort Laramie, Wyoming to Discuss a Strategy for Peace with the Plains Indians Wyoming Native American Heritage Fort History Channel
1918 The Day After the Signing of the Armistice, a Squadron of British Warships Enter the Dardanelles Previously under Ottoman Rule Great Britain Turkey Naval Military History World War I History Channel
Atlanta, Georgia Celebrates the End of the War with a Parade Led by 300 Veterans Who Fought in Europe Atlanta, Georgia World War I University of Georgia
1927 Josef Stalin Becomes the Undisputed Ruler of the Soviet Union as Leon Trotsky Is Expelled from the Communist Party Soviet Union Leon Trotsky Josef Stalin New York Times
1940 Supreme Court Strikes Down White Neighborhood Covenants Against African Americans U.S. Supreme Court Law & Legal Resources U.S. Civil Rights Housing Arizona State University: Hansberry v. Lee
1942 Battle of Guadalcanal Begins Japan Naval Military History Battle of Guadalcanal New York Times
1944 U.S. Fighters Destroy Japanese Convoy: 8,000 Killed Japan Naval History World War II Death
32 British Lancaster Bombers Sink the German Battleship Tirpitz Great Britain Nazi Germany Aviation Military History Naval Military History World War II History Channel
1946 In Tokyo, Japan, an Abacus User Beats a U.S. Army Calculator in Solving 4 of 5 Problems Tokyo, Japan Mathematics Abacus History of Technology Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1948 Japanese Prime Minister Tojo and 7 Others Are Sentenced to Hang Japan World War II Capital Punishment War Crimes History Channel
1969 Seymour Hersh Breaks the Story of the My Lai Massacre in Vietnam My Lai Massacre Seymour Hersh Journalism Vietnam War War Crimes Writer's Almanac History Channel
1971 President Richard Nixon Sets February 1, 1972, as the Deadline for the Withdrawal of an Additional 45,000 U.S. Troops. President Richard Nixon Vietnam War History Channel
1975 Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas Retires William O. Douglas U.S. Supreme Court Supreme Court Historical Society
1979 President Jimmy Carter Stops the Importation of Petroleum from Iran Iran President Jimmy Carter International Trade Iran Hostage Crisis MIddle East History History Channel
1982 Yuri Andropov Assumes Power in the Soviet Union Yuri Andropov Cold War History Channel
After 11 Months of Internment, the Polish Government Frees Lech Walesa, the Leader of the Outlawed Solidarity Movement Lech Walesa Solidarity Cold War BBC
1984 The British Government Announces It Will Discontinue Use of £1 Notes British Government Currency BBC
1985 Xavier Suarez Is Elected As Miami, Florida's First Cuban-American Mayor Cuban Political and Social Leaders Miami, Florida Elections Historic Firsts Latin-American Political and Social Leaders New York Times
A Liberian Military Faction Fails in Its Attempt to Overthrow the Rule of Samuel Doe Liberia South African History
1990 Crown Prince Akihito Is Enthroned as the 125th Japanese Monarch Two Years After the Death of His Father Japanese Political and Social Leaders History Channel
1992 Canada's Inuit Vote for Self-Government in the Eastern Arctic Canada Native-American Heritage Voting Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
1996 The Defense Ministers of South Africa and Malaysia Sign a Memorandum Establishing Co-Operation Between the Two Countries South Africa Malaysia South African History
1997 Ramzi Yousef Is Found Guilty of 1993 World Trade Center Bombing New York City World Trade Center Terrorism New York Times
Brazil Refuses to Extradite Ronnie Biggs, "the Great Train Robber," Back to Britain Brazil Notorious Persons of Great Britain Crime BBC
2001 An American Airlines Flight Crashes into a New York City Neighborhood after Takeoff from JFK Airport, Killing 265 People. New York City Air Disasters Death History Channel

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