Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

DECEMBER 8

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Uzbekistan: Constitution Day
(Commemorates adoption of the Uzbekistan constitution: 12/08/1992)
Uzbekistan U.S. Department of State Umid
1542 Mary Stuart (Mary, Queen of Scots) Mary Stuart British Monarchy
1626 Christina (Queen of Sweden) Sweden
1828 Clinton Fisk (New York-born Prohibitionist, Educator: Namesake of Fisk University) New York Political and Social Leaders Fisk University African American Registry
1868 Henry Hugh Proctor (Tennessee-born African-American Minister, Civil Rights Activist) Tennessee Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders Civil Rights Notable African Americans
1903 Zelma Watson George (Texas-born African-American Activist, UN Delegate, Opera Singer, Educator) Texas Political and Social Leaders Civil Rights/Human Rights African American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1891 Marcellus Lovejoy Stearns (Maine-born 11th Governor of Florida ) Maine Political and Social Leaders Florida Political and Social Leaders Florida Historical Society
1910 James H. Stout (Iowa-born Founder of the University of Wisconsin-Stout) Iowa Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Education University of Wisconsin-Stout Wisconsin Historical Society
1978 Golda Meir (Ukrainian-born Prime Minister of Israel) Golda Meir Israeli Political and Social Leaders
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1702 The Duke of Alburquerque Arrives in Mexico City to Assume Duties as the 34th Viceroy of New Spain Mexico Political and Social Leaders Spain Political and Social Leaders Albuquerque, New Mexico Latin-American Heritage New Mexico Magazine
1755 Mission Concepción Near San Antonio, Texas Is Dedicated Texas Religion Mission Concepción Texas State Historical Association
1775 Americans Begin the Siege of Quebec Canada Siege of Quebec History Channel
1776 George Washington's Retreating Army Crosses Delaware River from NJ to PA New Jersey Pennsylvania George Washington American Revolution New York Times
1787 California's La Purísima Concepción Is Founded by Father Fermin Lasuén California California Missions Hispanic Heritage California Missions
1854 Pope Pius IX Proclaims the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception Dogma of the Immaculate Conception Religion New York Times
1863 Abraham Lincoln Issues Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction Abraham Lincoln American Civil War History Channel Lincoln Log
1902 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. Is Sworn in As Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1914 British Defeat Germans in the Battle of the Falkland Islands Great Britain Germany World War I History Channel
1941 United States & Great Britain Declare War on Japan Japan Great Britain Delcaration of War U.S. Congress World War II in the Pacific History Channel
Senator Jeanette Rankin Casts Sole Vote Against U.S. Declaration of War Japan Jeanette Rankin U.S. Congress World War II in the Pacific History Channel
1947 McCollum v. Board of Education Is Argued Before the U.S. Supreme Court U.S. Supreme Court Education Religion First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Concordia
1949 Chinese Nationalists Move Government to Formosa as Communists Attack China The Cold War History Channel
1953 President Eisenhower's "Atoms for Peace" Speech Proposes International Atomic Energy Agency President Dwight Eisenhower Atomic Energy Eisenhower Presidential Library
1965 British Law Makes Racial Discrimination Illegal in Public Places British Government Racism Law and Legal Resources BBC
1966 North Vietnam Rejects President Johnson's Prisoner Exchange Proposal President Lyndon Johnson Vietnam War History Channel
1969 President Nixon Declares Vietnam War Is Ending President Richard Nixon Vietnam War History Channel
1974 Greek People Vote by Massive Majority Against Restoring the Monarchy Greece Voting USDOS
1982 Suriname's Military Regime Begins Three Days of Executing Political Opponents Without Trial Suriname Death Human Rights Watch
1983 British Parliament First Allows TV Cameras into the House of Lords British Government Television Historic Firsts BBC
1986 Jim Wright Succeeds ''Tip'' O'Neill as Speaker of U.S. House of Representatives Tip O'Neill U.S. House of Representatives New York Times
1987 U.S. and Soviets Sign First Treaty to Reduce Nuclear Arsenals Mikhail Gorbachev Ronald Reagan 1987 Arms Reduction Treaty Historic Firsts History Channel BBC
1991 Former Soviet States Russia, Belarus and Ukraine Form the Commonwealth of Independent States Soviet Union Russia Belarus Ukraine New York Times
1992 Uzbekistan Adopts Its Constitution Uzbekistan Umid
U.S. Troops Landing in Somalia to Initiate Operation Restore Hope Somalia New York Times
1993 President Clinton Signs North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Canada Mexico President Bill Clinton International Trade Historic Documents History Channel
1995 China Enthrones 6-year-old Panchen Lama China Tibet Hinduism U.S. Tibet Committee
Lithuania Applies for Membership in the European Union Lithuania European History University of Pittsburgh
1999 South African Leaders Nelson Mandela and Graca Machel Visit Seattle South African Political and Social Leaders Washington Nelson Mandela History Link
2000 Florida Supreme Court Orders Hand Count of 45,000 Disputed Presidential Ballots Florida President George W. Bush American Presidency 2000 Presidential Election CNN

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