Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

DECEMBER 9

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Tanzania: Independence and Republic Day
(Commemoration of 1961 independence from Great Britain)
Tanzania Great Britain U.S. Department of State
1594 Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden Swedish Political and Social Leaders
1579 St. Martin de Porres (Peruvian-born Catholic Saint) Peru Political and Social Leaders Catholic Saints Religion African-American Registry
1729 Juan de Ugalde (Spanish Military Leader, Namesake of Uvalde, Texas) Spanish Military Figures Uvalde, Texas Hispanic Military Figures Texas State Historical Association
1912 Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill (Massachusetts-born Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives) Tip O'Neill U.S. Congress Politics
1932 Anna Diggs Taylor (District of Columbia-born African-American Federal Court Judge) Anna Diggs Taylor Law & Legal Resources Famous African Americans
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1165 Malcolm IV, King of Scotland Scottish Political and Social Leaders
1924 Mahlon Pitney (New Jersey-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) New Jersey  Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1968 Karl Barth (Swiss Theologian, Philosopher) Swiss Political and Social Leaders Theologians
1971 Ralphe Bunche (Detroit-born African-American States; 1950 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Ralphe Bunche Nobel Laureate for Peace United Nations Famous African-Americans
1982 Leon Jaworski (Texas-born Special Prosecutor During the Watergate Scandal) Texas Political and Social Leaders Richard Nixon The Watergate Scandal
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1716 Martín de Alarcón Is Appointed Spanish Governor of Texas Texas Political and Social Leaders Texas State Historical Association
1775 Patriots Are Victorious at Great Bridge, Drive the British Out of Virginia Virginia American Revolution The History Channel
1824 Peruvian Patriots Defeat 9,000 Spaniards at Battle of Ayacucho Peru Spain War Britannica
1835 The Texan Army Captures San Antonio The Texas War for Independence Mexico The History Channel
1840 Scottish Explorer David Livingstone Sets Sail on His First Journey to Africa Scottish Explorers Africa Concordia
1847 Abraham Lincoln Is Appointed to Two Committees As Member of U.S. House of Representatives U.S. House of Representatives Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1861 Congress Creates the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War U.S. Congress American Civil War The History Channel
1872 P.B.S. Pinchback Serves as Louisiana's Acting Governor During Impeachment of Governor Warmoth Louisiana Political and Social Leader African-American Political and Social Leaders PBS
1875 President Grant's Personal Secretary Is Indicted for Conspiracy in Whiskey Ring Scandal President Grant Crime Law & Legal Resources Harper's Weekly
1905 New French Law Guarantees Separation of Church and State France Religion Law and Legal Resources Concordia
1917 Turkish Troops Surrender Jerusalem to British Troops Led by Viscount Allenby Turkey Great Britain World War I The History Channel
1937 Benjamin B. Mozee Is Issued a Commission as U. S. Marshal for the Second Judicial Division, at Nome, Alaska Nome, Alaska U.S. Government Law Enforcement Agencies Law and Legal Resources Alaska Historical Society
1940 Two British/Indian Divisions Overwhelm Seven Italian Divisions in Egypt Great Britain India Italy Egypt World War II The History Channel
1941 China Declares War Against Japan, Germany, and Italy China Japan Germany Italy New York Times
1950 Harry Gold Sent to Prison for Atomic Espionage Ethel & Julius Rosenberg Crime Nuclear Weapons World War II The History Channel
1958 Anti-Communist John Birch Society Is Formed in Indianapolis, IN Indianapolis, Indiana The Cold War John Birch Society The History Channel
1961 Tanganyika (now Tanzania) Gains Its Independence from England Great Britain Tanzania African History CIA
1975 President Ford Authorizes $300M Loan to Save New York City from Default New York City Gerald Ford Business & Economics New York Times
1985 Former Argentine President Jorge Videla Sentenced to Life Imprisonment Argentina Law and Legal Resources Harvard University
1990 Solidarity Founder Lech Walesa Landslide Wins Polish Presidential Runoff Lech Walesa Elections The History Channel
1992 Prince Charles & Princess Diana Announce Their Separation Princess Diana Prince Charles The History Channel New York Times
2000 U.S. Supreme Court Orders Florida to Stop Hand Counting Disputed Presidential Ballots U.S. Supreme Court Florida American Presidency 2000 Presidential Election CNN

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