Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

DECEMBER 13

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Malta: Republic Day
(Commemoration of declaration as a republic 12/13/1974)
Malta U.S. Department of State
1818 Mary Todd Lincoln (Kentucky-born Wife of President Abraham Lincoln) Mary Todd Lincoln Abraham Lincoln
1860 John J. Pershing (Missouri-born World War I Commander in Chief of the American Expeditionary Force in Europe) John J. Pershing World War I
1864 Emil Seidel (Pennsylvania-born Socialist Leader in Wisconsin) Pennsylvania Carolina Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Carolina Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
1882 Jane Edna Hunter (South Carolina-born African-American Civil Rights and Women's Rights Activist) South Carolina Political and Social Leaders Civil Rights Activist Womens Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1903 Ella Josephine Baker (Virginia-born African-American Civil Rights Activist) Ella Josephine Baker Civil Rights Activist African American Political & Social Leaders
1923 Wiley Branton (Arkansas-born African-American Attorney and Civil Rights Activist) Arkansas Political & Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources Civil Rights Activist African American Political & Social Leaders African American Registry
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1204 Maimonides (Spanish Philosopher, Theologian) Spanish Political and Social Leaders Theologians and Religious Leaders Philosophy Concordia
1250 Frederick II (German Emperor) German Political and Social Leaders Concordia
1986 Ella Josephine Baker (Virginia-born African-American Civil Rights Activist) Ella Josephine Baker Civil Rights Activist African American Political & Social Leaders
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1294 Pope Celestine V Resigns Catholic Popes Religion Concordia
1860 Lewis Cass Resigns as Secretary of State Over Buchanan's Failure to Address Southern Secession President James Buchanan American Presidency State Michigan
1860 Lewis Cass Resigns as Secretary of State Over Buchanan's Failure to Address Southern Secession President James Buchanan American Presidency State Michigan
1861 Confederate Troops Repel Union Attack from Their Summit Position at Allegheny Mountain, WV West Virginia American Civil War National Park Service West Virginia Archives
Polk County, Florida Is Created in Honor of President James K. Polk Polk County, Florida President James K. Polk Florida Historical Society
1864 The Confederacy Authorizes Impressment of Free Negroes and Slaves into the Confederate Army American Civil War African-American Heritage Florida Historical Society
1918 Woodrow Wilson Arrives in France for Peace Conference Woodrow Wilson World War I History Channel
1937 Japanese Begin Slaughter of 200,000 Chinese in Nanking Japan The Rape of Nanking Death History Channel
1942 Joseph Goebbels Complains Italy Too Lax With Jews Italy Joseph Goebbels The Holocaust Judaism World War II History Channel
1944 Japanese Kamikaze Strikes USS Nashville: 138 Killed Japan Naval History World War II Death New York Times
First African-American Woman Admitted to WAVE Officer Training African-American History World War II Historic Firsts
1951 Senator McCarthy's Accusations Lead to State Department Dismissals Senator Joe McCarthy U.S. Congress McCarthyism/Red Scare History Channel
1972 Vietnam Peace Negotiations Are Hopelessly Deadlocked Vietnam War History Channel
1974 Malta Constitution Revised from Parliamentary Democracy to a Republic Malta U.S. Department of State
1979 Canada's Government Defeated on No-confidence Vote Canada CNN
1988 Yasser Arafat Addresses the United Nations in Geneva after U.S. Refuses Him a Visa United Nations Switzerland Yasser Arafat New York Times
1989 F.W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela Meet for First Time F.W. de Klerk Nelson Mandela Historic Firsts New York Times
1991 North & South Korea Sign Treaty of Reconciliation Korea Korea Monterey Institute for International Studies
1995 Race Riots Break Out in South London London Racism BBC
1996 Kofi Annan of Ghana Is Chosen to be the United Nation's Seventh Secretary-General United Nations Kofi Annan New York Times
1998 The International Space Station Is Detached and Allowed to Orbit On Its Own for the First Time International Space Station Historic Firsts NASA
Puerto Rican Voters Reject U.S. Statehood Puerto Rico United States History Voting & Elections CNN
2000 Al Gore Concedes Presidential Election to George W. Bush 2000 Presidential Election The American Presidency George W. Bush CNN
2001 Five Islamic Militants Attack India's Parliament, Killing 9 Before Being Killed India Islam War on Terrorism BBC
President Bush Announces the U.S. Will No Longer Honor 1972 Missile Treaty with Russia Russia George W. Bush Nuclear Weapons PBS
2003 Iraqi Dictator Saddam Hussein Is Captured  Saddam Hussein Iraq War History Channel CNN BBC

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