Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

DECEMBER 17

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Bahrain: National Day (Day 2 of 2)
(Celebration of independence from Britain: 12/16/1971)
Bahrain Britain Bahrain Embassy, Washington, D.C.
Bhutan: National Day
(Commemoration of the election of first hereditary king: 12/17/1907)
Bhutan Expedia
1760 Deborah Sampson (Massachusetts-born Woman Who Served in the American Revolution Disguised as a Man) Deborah Sampson American Revolution Women
1778 Juan Martín de Veramendi (Mexican Governor of Texas) Mexican Political and Social Leaders Texas Political and Social Leaders Latin-American Political and Social Leaders Texas State Historical Association
1833 James Thadeus Holtzclaw (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Leaders American Civil War University Georgia
1874 W.L. MacKenzie King (Prime Minister of Canada: 1921-26, 1926-30, 1935-48) Canadian Political and Social Leaders
1938 L.C. Dorsey (Mississippi-born African-American Civil Rights Activist) Mississippi Political and Social Leaders Civil Rights/Human Rights Mississippi Writers Project
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1830 Simón Bolívar (Venezuelan-born General, Statesman Who Brought Political Independence to Five South American Nations) South America Venezuelan Political and Social Leaders Colombia Peru Bolivia Ecuador Spain
2011 Kim Jong Il (North Korean Dictator) Kim Jong Il
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1538 Pope Paul III Excommunicates England's King Henry VIII English History King Henry VIII Catholicism Greenwich Guide
1777 France Formally Recognizes the United States as a Sovereign Nation France The American Revolution History Channel
1778 Americans at Fort Sackville in Vincennes Surrender to a Superior British and Indian force Great Britain Vincennes Indiana Native American Heritage Forts The American Revolution Indiana Historical Society
1790 The Aztec Sun Stone Is Unearthed in Mexico City Mexico Aztecs Calendars American Philosophical Society
1860 President Lincoln Refuses to Compromise on the Further Extension of Slavery in the U.S. President Abraham Lincoln Slavery Lincoln Log
President Lincoln Says There Is No Legal Means for a State to Secede from the Union Without the Consent of the Other States President Abraham Lincoln U.S. Constitution Constitutional Law Lincoln Log
1862 Upset with Cotton Speculators, General Grant Expels Jews from Tennessee, Kentucky and Mississippi Tennessee Kentucky Mississippi Ulysses S. Grant Judaism American Civil War History Channel
1863 President Lincoln Proposes a Bureau of Emancipation U.S. Government President Abraham Lincoln Slavery Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln Log
1898 President McKinley Visits Savannah, Georgia as Part of the Nation's Spanish-American War Victory Celebration Savannah, Georgia President William McKinley Spanish-American University Georgia
1907 Ugyen Wangchuck Is Elected as the First Hereditary Monarch of Bhutan Bhutan Elections National Assembly of Bhutan (pdf)
1920 The League of Nations Grants South Africa a Mandate to Govern South-West Africa (now Namibia) League of  Nations South Africa Namibia South African History
1939 German Battleship Graf Spee Is Scutttled Off Uruguay Uruguay Nazi Germany Naval History World War II U.S. Navy
1941 Rear Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, U.S. Commander at Pearl Harbor, Is Relieved of His Post Hawaii Pearl Harbor History Channel
1942 British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden Condemns the Persecution of Jews in Eastern Europe European History British Political and Social Leaders Judaism The Holocaust World War II BBC
1949 The African National Congress (ANC) Adopts a Programme of Action to Protest Apartheid in South Africa South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid Human Rights/Civil Rights South African History
1957 A Plane Operated by the Stanford Research Institute Crashes on Alaska's Gravina Island Alaska Air Disasters Stanford Research Institute Alaska Historical Society
U.S. Test-Fires Its First Intercontinental Ballistic Missile on a 500-Mile Flight from Cape Canaveral Cape Canaveral, Florida Arms Control Nuclear Weapons Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1960 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie Returns from Brazil to Suppress a Coup at Home Haile Selassie Brazil South African History
1961 A Fire at a Circus in Brazil Kills More Than 300 People and Severely Burns Hundreds More Brazil Circus Fire Death History Channel
1963 Congress Passes the Clean Air Act U.S. Congress Air Quality History Channel
1975 In Sacramento, California, Lynette Fromme Is Sentenced to Life in Prison for the Attempted Assassination of President Gerald Ford Sacramento, California Gerald Ford The American Presidency Crime Law & Legal Resources Television News Archive History Channel
1983 An IRA Car Bomb Kills 6 and Injures 90 at London's Harrods Department Store London, England Northern Ireland Terrorism Death BBC
1990 Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a Roman Catholic Priest and Opponent of Dictator of Jean-Claude Duvalier, Is Elected President of Haiti in a Landslide Jean-Bertrand Aristide Elections Catholicism History Channel
1991 The Announcement Is Made That the Soviet Union Will Cease to Exist on or Before January 1, 1992 The Soviet Union The Cold War History Channel
1993 American Troops Pull Out of Somalia Following a Series of Gun Battles with Local Militias Somalia War South African History
1996 Leftist Rebels Begin a 4-month Occupation of the Japanese Embassy in Lima, Peru, Holding 490 People Hostage Peru Japan Terrorism History Channel
Kofi Annan of Ghana Is Appointed United Nations Secretary-General. United Nations Kofi Annan New York Times South African History

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