Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

DECEMBER 18

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Niger: Republic Day
(Celebration of autonomy from France: 12/18/1958)
Niger France Embassy of Niger, Washington, D.C.
1842 Nathan Bay Scott (Ohio-born U.S. Senator from West Virginia) Ohio Political and Social Leaders West Virginia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate West Virginia State Archives
1863 Francis Ferdinand (Austrian Archduke Whose Assassination Ignited World War I) Austrian Political and Social Leaders World War I
1888 Robert Moses (Connecticut-born Public Administrator Who helped Shape Modern-Day New York City) Robert Moses New York City Political and Social Leaders New York Times
1913 Willy Brandt (West German Chancellor) Willy Brandt The Cold War
1912 Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. (Washington, D.C.-born African-American 4-Star General in the U.S. Military) Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. African American Military Figures
1946 Steve Biko (South African Civil Rights Leader) South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid U.S. Civil Rights/Human Rights African American Registry
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1901 William Flank Perry (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War University of Georgia
1980 Aleskey Nickolayevich Kosygin (Premier of the Soviet Union) Russian Political and Social Leaders Soviet Union Political and Social Leaders
2008 Mark Felt (Idaho-born "Deep Throat" Informant of the Watergate Scandal) Mark Felt Watergate Scandal The FBI
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1688 James II Begins His Exile from England English Political and Social Leaders English RoyaltyI Greenwich Guide
1777 U.S. Celebrates Its First National Day of Thanksgiving Commemorating Victory at the Battle of Saratoga American Revolution Thanksgiving Day Historic Firsts History Channel
1860 U.S. Senator John Crittenden (Kentucky) Proposes to Protect Slavery South of the Missouri Compromise Line John Crittenden U.S. Senate Slavery Writer's Almanac
Texas Rangers "Rescue" Cynthia Ann Parker in Raid on a Comanche Camp Notorious Texans Cynthia Ann Parker Commanche Indians Texas State Historical Association
1915 President Woodrow Wilson Marries Edith Bolling Galt Woodrow Wilson New York Times
1916 Battle of Verdun Ends: Nearly 1,000,000 Dead France World War I Library of Congress History Channel
1940 Adolf Hitler Signs Secret Directive Ordering Preparations for a Nazi Invasion of the Soviet Union The Soviet Union Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II New York Times
1941 Japanese Invade Hong Kong Japan Hong Kong World War II History Channel
1944 U.S. Supreme Court Upholds the Wartime Relocation of Japanese-Americans U.S. Supreme Court Japanese-American Detainment Human Rights/Civil Rights World War II New York Times
1946 English Government Wins Vote on State Ownership, Leading to Nationalizing Railways, Ports, Mines, etc. English Government Railroads Historic UK
1947 Occupying Commander Douglas MacArthur Orders the Breakup of Japan's Zaibatsu Industrial Conglomerates Japanese Business Douglas MacArthur Business and Economics World War II Asian History
1956 Japan Is Admitted to the United Nations The United Nations Japan Asian History
1957 First Public U.S. Nuclear Power Plant Opens in Shippingport, Pennsylvania Shippingport, Pennsylvania Nuclear Power Historic Firsts New York Times
1961 Martin Luther King Is Released from the Albany, Georgia Jail, Agreeing to End Local Bus Boycott Albany, Georgia Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. U.S. Civil Rights Movement University of Georgia
Capital Punishment Is Restored in Delaware by the General Assembly's Override of Governor Elbert Carvel's Veto Delaware Government Capital Punishment State of Delaware
1972 U.S. B-52 Bombers Begin "Operation Linebacker Two" the Largest Aerial Blitz of the Vietnam War Vietnam War Aviation Military History Writer's Almanac History Channel
1997 Republic of Korea (South Korea) Voters Elected KIM Dae Jung President Korean Political and Social Leaders Elections Asian History CNN

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