Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

DECEMBER 23

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Japan: Emperor's Birthday
(Observed annually on December 23 (the 24th if on a Sunday) to honor current Emperor Akihito, born 12/23/1933)
Japanese Political and Social Leaders Japan Guide Asahi
1799 Joseph Henry Lumpkin (The First Chief Justice of the Georgia Supreme Court) Georgia State Supreme Court Law and Legal Resources University of Georgia
1819 Daniel Duane Tompkins Farnsworth (New York City-born Governor of West Virginia for 7 Days) New York City Political and Social Leaders West Virginia Political and Social Leaders West Virginia State Archive
1820 Ezra Wheeler (New York-born Member of the U.S. Congress from Wisconsin) New York Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
1832 Hans Mattson (Swedish Pioneer in Minnesota, Union Colonel, U.S. Consul General in India, Newspaper Publisher) Swedish Political and Social Leaders India Minnesota Political and Social Leaders American Civil War Journalism Minnesota Historical Society
1933 Akihito (The Heisei Emperor of Japan) Japanese Political and Social Leaders Asian History
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
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1743 King James III Hands over the Control of Wales to His Son Charles British Political and Social Leaders Wales King James III BBC
1783 George Washington Resigns as Commander in Chief of the Continental Army George Washington American Revolution History Channel Library of Congress
1856 Named for Revolutionary War Hero, the Marquis de Lafayette of France, Lafayette County, Florida Is Created as the State's 33rd County Marquis de Lafayette Lafayette County, Florida American Revolution Florida Historical Society
1861 Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner Urges President Lincoln to End the Trent Affair by Surrendering Mason and Slidell Great Britain Senator Sumner President Abraham Lincoln The Trent Affair Lincoln Logs
1862 President Lincoln Seeks the Opinions of His Cabinet on the Admission of West Virginia to the Union West Virginia President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
Andrew Johnson and Other State Leaders Request That President Lincoln Not Apply the Emancipation Proclamation to Tennessee Tennessee Political and Social Leaders President Abraham Lincoln Andrew Johnson American Civil War Slavery Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln Logs
Confederate President Jefferson Davis Declares Union General Benjamin Butler for His Actions as Military Commander of New Orleans New Orleans American Civil War History Channel
1913 President Woodrow Wilson Signs the Owen-Glass Act, Creating the Federal Reserve System The Federal Reserve System President Woodrow Wilson Historic U.S. Documents Library of Congress History Channel
1941 American Forces on Wake Island Surrender to the Japanese Japan Miltiary Figures World War II New York Times
1944 General. Dwight Eisenhower Authorizes the Execution of Eddie Slovik, the Only American Executed for Desertion Dwight Eisenhower World War II War Crimes Capital Punishment History Channel
1946 President Truman Appoints a Board to Consider Amnesty for Conscientious Objectors Who Refused to Serve During World War II President Harry Truman World War II Human Rights/Civil Rights History Channel
1948 Former Japanese Premier Hideki Tojo and Six Other Japanese War Leaders Are Executed in Tokyo Japan World War II War Crimes Capital Punishment Death History Channel Asian History
1956 French and British Troops Withdraw from the Suez Canal Suez Canal France Great Britain The Cold War BBC
1962 President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana Orders the Release of the Last of His Political Prisoners Ghana Political and Social Leaders South African History
1968 83-Man Crew of the U.S. Intelligence Ship Pueblo Is Released After 11 Months of Captivity in North Korea North Korea Naval Military History POW/MIA The Cold War History Channel Asian History
1986 The Most Prominent Soviet Dissident, Andrei Sakharov, Returns to Moscow After Almost Seven Years of Internal Exile Andrei Sakharov The Cold War BBC
Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager Land in California, Completing the First non-Stop Flight Around the World Without Refueling California Aviation History Historic Firsts History Channel New York Times
1987 The Jimmy Carter National Historic Site Is Created in Plains, Georgia Plains, Georgia President Jimmy Carter National Park Service University of Georgia
1989 Ousted Romanian President Nicolae Ceausescu Is Captured Trying to Flee the Country with His Wife Romanian Political and Social Leaders The Cold War New York Times
2008 Military Coup Takes Control of Guinea Upon the Death of Dictator Lansana Conte Guinea BBC

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