Return Today in the History of World Political and Social Leaders: World Events Return

DECEMBER 31

Icon
Icon
1720 Charles Edward Stuart (England's Bonnie Prince Charles) English Political and Social Leaders British Monarchy Chambers Book of Days Historic UK
1738 Charles Cornwallis (English Soldier, Statesman) Charles Cornwallis American Revolution
1880 George C. Marshall (Pennsylvania-born General, Diplomat; 1953 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Marshall Plan World War I World War II 1953 Nobel Laureate for Peace
1896 Amy Jacques Garvey (Jamaican Feminist, Journalist, Rights Activist) Jamaican Political and Social Leaders Women Journalism Human Rights, Civil Rights African American Registry
1908 Simon Wiesenthal (Ukrainian-Austrian Jewish Holocaust Survivor Dedicated His Life to Bringing Nazi War Criminals to Justice) Ukrainian Political and Social Leaders Judaism The Holocaust Nazi Germany War Crimes World War II Biography
Deaths
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
192 Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus (Emperor of Rome: Murdered) Roman Political and Social Leaders
1384 John Wycliffe (English Theologian, Religious Reformer) English Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Chambers Book of Days
1980 Marshall McLuhan (Canadian Professor of Literature and Culture Who Claimed "the medium is the message") Canadian Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Propaganda CBC
Icon
Icon
1600 Queen Elizabeth I of England Grants a Formal Charter to the London Merchants Trading to the East Indies England Queen Elizabeth I International Trade History Channel
1730 James Oglethorpe Is Elected to the Board of Governors of the Royal African Company, Responsible for Overseeing Britain's Slave Trade Great Britain Slavery University of Georgia
1775 Patriot Forces under Colonel Benedict Arnold Fail to Capture the City of Québec under Cover of Darkness and Snowfall Québec, Canada American Revolution History Channel
1852 Queen Victoria Chooses to Make Ottawa the Capital of Canada England Ottawa, Canada Queen Victoria New York Times
1862 In Tennessee, the Battle of Stones River (Murfeesboro) Begins Tennessee Battle of Stones River History Channel State of Michigan
In Tennessee, General Forrest's Confederate Cavalry Narrowly Escapes Disaster at Parker's Crossroads Tennessee Parker's Crossroads History Channel
President Abraham Lincoln Signs an Act Admitting West Virginia to the Union West Virginia President Abraham Lincoln U.S. History Lincoln Logs West Virginia State Archive Virginia Historical Society
President Lincoln Holds Special Cabinet Meeting to Make Final Revisions to the Emancipation Proclamation President Abraham Lincoln Slavery Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln Logs
1864 Major General Samuel Jones Relieves General Pierre Beauregard of Command of Confederate Forces in South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida South Carolina Georgia Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1944 Hungary Declares War on Germany Hungary Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
1946 President Truman Officially Proclaims the End of Hostilities in World War II President Harry Truman World War II New York Times
1951 Prime Minister Winston Churchill Sets Sail on the Queen Mary for Talks in America with President Truman Winston Churchill President Harry Truman Naval History Cold War BBC
1959 In South Africa, the Forced Removal of Blacks from Sophiatown Is Completed So That the Area Can Be Reassigned to Whites South Africa Apartheid South African History
1961 President John Kennedy Issues Public Seasons Greetings to Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and the People of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev President John Kennedy Cold War History Channel
The Marshall Plan Expires After Distributing More Than $12 Billion in Foreign Aid The Marshall Plan World War II Cold War New York Times
1971 President Richard Nixon Signs the National Air Quality Control Act, Calling for a 90% Reduction in Auto Emissions by 1975 Earth and Environmental Science President Richard Nixon Law and Legal Resources History Channel
1972 U.S. and Communist Negotiators Prepare to Resume Vietnam War Peace Talks in Paris on January 2 Paris, France Vietnam War History Channel
1978 United States Ends Official Relations with Nationalist China (Taiwan) to Establish Relations with the People's Republic of China in Beijing China Cold War History Channel
1999 The U.S. Officially Hands Over Control of the Panama Canal to Panama Panama Panama Canal History Channel
Vladimir Putin Replaces Boris Yeltsin As the President of Russia Russian Political and Social Leaders BBC
2000 England's Millennium Dome Closes After Attracting and Entertaining 6M Visitors England Greenwich 2000 Greenwich Guide

Have an item you would like for us to add? Let us know!

Click Here! E-mail