K-12 TLC Guide to Arizona Social Studies Standards, History, Essentials, Grades 4 and 5

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Arizona Social Studies Standards
History Essentials, Grades 4 and 5

E1: Historical Research
E2: Prehistoric American Indians in Arizona
E3: Spanish and Mexican Colonization
E4: Life in the Arizona Territory
E5: Early European Exploration of North America
E6: North American Colonization
E7: The American Revolution

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The K-12 TLC Guide to
Arizona
Social
Studies
Standards
Grades
4 and 5
1SS-E1:
Historical
Research

  • Students know and are able to do the following:
    • 1SS-E1. Understand and apply the basic tools of historical research, including chronology and how to collect, interpret, and employ information from historical materials.
    • (Note: Historical research skills and analytical skills. These skills are to be learned and applied to the content standards for grades 4-5.)
      • PO 1. Place key events on a timeline and apply chronological terms correctly, including B.C.E. (B.C.), C.E. (A.D.), decade, century, and generation
      • PO 2. Identify primary and secondary sources historians use to construct an understanding of the past, using such sources as letters, diaries, newspaper articles, archaeological evidence, maps, and government records
      • PO 3. Interpret historical data in the form of simple graphs and tables
      • PO 4. Distinguish fact from fiction in historical novels and movies

The K-12 TLC Guide to
Arizona
Social
Studies
Standards
Grades
4 and 5
1SS-E2:
Prehistoric
American
Indians
in
Arizona

    FOCUS: Arizona

  • Students know and are able to do all of the above and the following:
    • 1SS-E2. Describe the legacy and cultures of prehistoric American Indians in Arizona, including the impact of, and adaptations to geography, with emphasis on:
      • PO 1. how archaeological and anthropological research gives us information about prehistoric people
      • PO 2. characteristics of hunter-gatherer societies, including their development of tools and adaptation to environments
      • PO 3. development of agriculture with the domestication of plants
      • PO 4. the distinctive cultures of the Anasazi, Hohokam, and Mogollon, including where they lived, their agriculture, housing, decorative arts, and trade networks
      • PO 5. how prehistoric cultures adapted to, and altered, their environment, including irrigation canals and housing

The K-12 TLC Guide to
Arizona
Social
Studies
Standards
Grades
4 and 5
1SS-E3:
Spanish
and
Mexican
Colonization

  • Students know and are able to do all of the above and the following:
    • 1SS-E3. Describe Spanish and Mexican colonization and economic, social, and political interactions with the first inhabitants of Arizona, with emphasis on:
      • PO 1. the location and cultural characteristics of the O'odham (Papagos and Pimas) and Apaches during the Spanish period
      • PO 2. the reasons for the early Spanish explorations, including those of Fray Marcos de Niza, Estevan, and Francisco Vásquez de Coronado
      • PO 3. the reasons for Spanish colonization, including the establishment of missions,presidios, and towns and impact on native inhabitants
      • PO 4. the contributions of Father Kino
      • PO 5. the creation of unique, strongly held cultural identities from the Spanish and Indian heritage
      • PO 6. the change of governance from Spain to Mexico

The K-12 TLC Guide to
Arizona
Social
Studies
Standards
Grades
4 and 5
1SS-E4:
Life
in
the
Arizona
Territory

  • Students know and are able to do all of the above and the following:
    • 1SS-E4. Describe the economic, social, and political life in the Arizona Territory and the legacy of various cultural groups to modern Arizona, with emphasis on:
      • PO 1. how Arizona became a part of the United States through the Mexican Cession and the Gadsden Purchase
      • PO 2. the conflict of cultures that occurred between newcomers and Arizona Indian groups, including the Indian Wars
      • PO 3. the lives and contributions of various cultural and ethnic groups, including American Indians, Hispanics, and newcomers from the United States and other parts of the world
      • PO 4. the importance and contributions of various occupations to the growing Arizona communities, including soldiers (Buffalo soldiers), miners, merchants, freighters, homemakers, ranchers, cowboys, farmers, and railroad workers

The K-12 TLC Guide to
Arizona
Social
Studies
Standards
Grades
4 and 5
1SS-E5:
Early
European
Exploration
of
North
America

FOCUS: American History from Discovery through the U.S. Constitution

The K-12 TLC Guide to
Arizona
Social
Studies
Standards
Grades
4 and 5
1SS-E6:
North
American
Colonization

  • Students know and are able to do all of the above and the following:
    • 1SS-E6. Describe the political, religious, and economic aspects of North American colonization, with emphasis on:
      • PO 1. the reasons for colonization, including religious freedom, desire for land, economic opportunity, and a new life
      • PO 2. the meaning and importance of the Mayflower Compact
      • PO 3. the importance of the religious aspects of the earliest colonies in shaping the new nation and American principles
      • PO 4. key differences among the three colonial regions and the significance of key individuals who founded the colonies, including William Penn, Lord Baltimore, and Roger Williams
      • PO 5. interactions between American Indians and European settlers, including the agricultural and cultural exchanges and alliances and reasons for, and the results of, the conflicts
      • PO 6. the introduction and institutionalization of slavery, including the slave trade in Africa and the Middle Passage
      • PO 7. the early representative government and democratic practices that emerged, including town meetings and colonial assemblies

The K-12 TLC Guide to
Arizona
Social
Studies
Standards
Grades
4 and 5
1SS-E7:
The
American
Revolution

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This guide last edited 05/18/2004
This guide last revised 05/18/2004
This guide created 05/18/2004